GSSAThe 1820 Settler Correspondence
 as preserved in the National Archives, Kew
 and edited by Sue Mackay

Additonal Information

This is pre 1820 information mainly taken from actual images of parish registers held at the London Metropolitan Archives, Westminster Archives, West Yorkshire Archives, Manchester Central Library, non-conformist registers at the National Archives at Kew (RG4), online parish registers at CityArk or from original images at Family Search. I have also included some information from original images of Scottish old parish registers and English parish records which I have personally researched. Where reference is made to the London Gazette, the full version can be downloaded from http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/

Sue Mackay

THORNHILL, Christopher Thornhill (aka Christopher Thornhill CAMM) - Extra Data

 

Leader of THORNHILL's Party

 

He was originally known as Christopher Thornhill CAMM and changed his name officially in 1802 to Christopher Thornhill THORNHILL in accordance with the will of his cousin John THORNHILL of Sunderland. Christopher returned to the UK and died in Bristol in 1848, aged 84 (Death Certificate GRO Ref: Dec qtr 1848 Vol 11 page 141).

His will can be downloaded from the National Archives.

 

London Metropolitan Archives

 

CAM, Christopher Henry, son of Stephen and Francis CAM born [20] February, baptised 18th March 1764 in St.Lawrence Jewry, City of London

[This is almost certainly Christopher's baptism, despite the middle name being listed as Henry rather than Thornhill]

 

Baptism of Christopher's siblings in St.Lawrence Jewry, City of London

George son of Stephen CAMM by Frances his wife born Oct 10th and baptised Nov 13th 1760 [buried in the churchyard vault 9th December 1760]

John son of Stephen CAMM by Frances his wife born Oct 14th and baptised 20th 1761

Stephen son of Stephen by Frances CAMM born 1st January and baptised 24th 1763

Elias son of Stephen and Frances CAMM born 26 of January baptised 23 of February 1769 [buried in the churchyard vault 26th March 1769]

Sarah Frances daughter of Stephen and Frances CAMM born 21 May baptised 17 June 1772

 

Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, sons of Stephen & Frances CAM were born & baptised Aug 20 1759 in St.Alban, Wood Street, City of London

[If these three were siblings of Christopher then they must have died, as Stephen's will says that John was his eldest son in 1777]

 

Philip son of Stephen and Frances CAMM born Oct 23rd baptised Nov 22nd 1775 in St.John, Hampstead

[Philip's son John Philip CAMM, born ca 1800, was also a member of THORNHILL's Party to the Cape].

 

Adam GILFILLAN has also been frequently named as a nephew of Christopher THORNHILL but this is incorrect and probably arose from a misconception by Jeremiah GOLDSWAIN of WAIT's Party, who wrote in his diary "I was informed that the pirson had come down from London: this was Mr. Adam GILFILLAN Nesuw to Mr. THORNHILL Mr. Wm WAITs partner." GOLDSWAIN probably confused Adam GILFILLAN with John Philip CAMM, who was THORNHILL's nephew.

 

Borthwick Institute for Archives, University of York (Yorkshire Bishop's Transcripts)

 

Stephen son of Laurence CAMM of Oxgillmouth baptised February 25th 1721 in Kirkby Malhamdale, Yorkshire

 

Family Search (original images of Norfolk registers)

 

Stephen CAMM of the Parish of St.Bride's in the City of London, Batchelor, and Frances PERKINS of this Parish, Widow, were married by Licence on 8th August 1757 in St.Nicholas, Yarmouth, Norfolk

Both signed

Witnesses: [R. SCHOMBERY] and Sampson WINN

 

London Metropolitan Archives

 

City of London Freedom of the City Admission Papers

11th January 1763 

..."It is ordered that the said Stephen CAMM be admitted into the Freedom of this City by Redemption in the Company of Musicians"...

[Margin note] Son of Lawr'e [Lawrence] CAMM late of Rippon in Yorkshire, Grasier, Dec'd.

 

The will of Stephen CAMM, dated 1777, can be downloaded from the National Archives

..."to be equally divided amongst my five children that is to say my oldest son John CAMM, my next son Stephen CAMM, my next son Christ'r Thornhill CAMM, my next son Philip CAMM and my daughter Frances Sarah CAMM..."

He appointed as Executor "my cozen John THORNHILL of Sunderland near the Sea in the County of Durham"

 

Family Search

 

Lawrence CAMM married Mary THORNHILL on 12 September 1719 in Kirkby Malham, Yorkshire

 

London Metropolitan Archives

 

Appeared personally Christopher Thornhill CAMM, Gentleman, and made oath that he is of the Parish of St.James Clerkenwell in the County of Middlesex, a Batchelor, aged twenty one years and upwards, and intendeth to marry with Sarah CHIVERS of the Parish of Clapham in the County of Surry, Spinster, aged twenty one years and upwards, and that he knoweth of no lawful Impediment by reason of any pre-contract, Consanguinity, Affinity or any other lawful Means whatever to hinder the said intended Marriage, and prayed a licence to solemnise the same in the Parish Church of St.James Clerkenwell af'd., and further made oath that the usual place of abode of him the appearer hath been in the said Parish of St.James Clerkenwell for the space of four weeks last past.

[Signed] Christopher Thornhill CAMM

 

Christopher Thornhill CAMM of this parish and Sarah CHIVERS of the parish of Clapham in the County of Surry were married by Licence on 10 December 1791 in St.James, Clerkenwell

Both signed

Witnesses: Sarah F. CAMM and Rob't INGRAM

 

Christopher son of Christ'r and Sarah CAMM, born October 8, Gloucester Street, Red Lion Passage, baptised 29 October 1795 in St.George the Martyr, Queen Square [buried March 1796 in St.Marylebone]

 

Notice of Bankruptcy 1796 (London Gazette)

 

Christopher's first wife Sarah is assumed to have died on Antigua. A daughter Maria was born on Antigua (1851 Census HO107/1952/70/49) who later married Joseph FISHER

18th March 1818

Appeared personally Joseph FISHER and made oath that he is of Staple Inn in the County of Middlesex, a bachelor of the age of twenty one years and upwards, and intendeth to marry with Maria CAMM of the Parish of St.Pancras in the County of Middlesex, a spinster of the age of twenty one years and upwards and that he knoweth of no lawful Impediment by reason of any pre-contract, Consanguinity, Affinity or any other lawful Means whatever to hinder the said intended Marriage, and prayed a licence to solemnise the same in the Parish Church of St.Pancras, and further made oath that the usual place of abode of her the said Maria CAMM hath been in the said Parish of St.Pancras for the space of four weeks last past.

 

From "The History and Antiquities of Sunderland & Bishopwearmouth" 1858

 

Family Search

 

Christopher Thornhill THORNHILL married Dorothea MOUNSEY on 2 April 1804 in St.Cuthbert's, Carlisle, Cumberland

 

John THORNHILL son of Christopher THORNHILL and Dorothea MOUNSEY baptised 25 July 1805 in Bishopwearmouth, Durham (born 2 January 1805)

Anna Margaret THORNHILL daughter of Christopher Thornhill THORNHILL and Dorothy MOUNSEY baptised 29 July 1807 in Bishopwearmouth, Durham (born 1 July 1807)

Mary Frances THORNHILL daughter of Christopher Thornhill THORNHILL and Dorothy MOUNSEY baptised 9 August 1809 in Bishopwearmouth, Durham (born 14 July 1809)

Christopher Mounsey THORNHILL son of Christopher Thornhill THORNHILL and Dorothy MOUNSEY baptised 16 March 1812 in Bishopwearmouth, Durham (born 14 February 1812)

 

Dissolution of Partnership 1816 (London Gazette)

 

An article on the Thornhills appeared in the Northumberland and Durham FHS Journal Vol 21 no.3. (starting at page 90)

 

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