GSSAThe 1820 Settler Correspondence
 as preserved in the National Archives, Kew
 and edited by Sue Mackay

1820 Settler Correspondence before emigration

ALL the 1819 correspondence from CO48/41 through CO48/46 has been transcribed whether or not the writers emigrated to the Cape. Those written by people who did become settlers, as listed in "The Settler Handbook" by M.D. Nash (Chameleon Press 1987), are labelled 1820 Settler and the names of actual settlers in the text appear in red.

GARLAND, Matthew

National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 326

21 Westmorland Place

City Road

2 Aug 1819

My Lord,

In reply to a letter addressed to the Chancellor of the Exchequer stating my wish to proceed to the Cape of Good Hope with about twenty settlers, I am referred to your Lordship for the information required in regard to the emigration proposed to encourage, must therefore request the favour to be made acquainted with the situation of the New Colony, the distance from Cape Town and if any direct Road & whether it is the intention of Government to afford the new settlers any further assistance than what is noticed in the circular. To me it appears indispensably necessary they should be furnished with a temporary habitation on landing, implements of husbandry, seeds &c as no man can possibly know what is wanted till he is acquainted with the nature of the soil he has to cultivate. If the town in the vicinity of the new settlement is capable of supplying sustenance for the settlers untill such time they procure it by industry, likewise what steps it is necessary for me to take to obtain the proposed assistance.

I remain your Lordship's humble servant

Matt'w GARLAND

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 405

21 Westmorland Place

City Road

3 Sep 1819

My Lord,

As it may be expected the enclosed favor from Mr. ROTHSCHILD should be accompanied with a list of the persons who are desirous of becoming settlers at the Cape of Good Hope under my direction. I beg leave to submit the following for your Lordship's approbation. There are three or four more but I have not enquired their character at present.

I remain with due respect your Lordship's servant

M. GARLAND

John LONDON and family

Henry LOWRIE and family

Thomas STOKES and family

Garrett BARRY and family

William NEWLAND and family

John WALLIS and family

John BROWN and family

Lawrence DONOHUE

Walter WEBB

George LOYDD

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 407

21 Westmorland Place

City Road

Sep 20 1819

My Lord,

The annexed is a detailed statement of all the persons desirous of becoming settlers at the Cape of Good Hope under my direction which I beg leave to submit for your Lordship's approbation, with an assurance that I am ready to conform to all the conditions that may be required by His Majesty's Government

I remain your Lordship's humble servant

M. GARLAND

Name and Description of the Person taking out the Settlers:

Matthew William GARLAND

Late Merch't

Age 43

Ann aged 40

Children:

Catherine 13

Clara 11

Louisa 9

Julia 7

Emma 4

Names of Settlers

Profession or Trade

Age

Names of Women

Age

Male Children

Ages

Female Children

Ages

John LONDON

Bricklayer

43

Margarett

45

   

Isabella/Charlotte/Marion

17/13/12

Lawrence DONOHUE

Labourer

25

Ann

20

       

John BRITT

Woodcutter

42

Ann

38

James

9

Ann

6

William BRITT

Shoemaker

43

Francis

39

Charles/John

3/1

   

John BRITT

Shoemaker

21

Margarett

21

       

Henry LOWRIE

Carpenter

39

Eleanor

38

Henry

10

Eleanor

4

Thos. STOKES

Taylor

42

Elizabeth

45

Samuel

9

Harriett

6

Walter WEBB

Ropemaker

25

Elizabeth

18

       

John BROWN

Husbandman

35

Ann

24

       

Richard SCOTT

Gardiner

20

           

George LOYDD

Cabinet maker

24

           

John WILLIAMS

Bellows maker

34

           

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 408

Aug 16 1819

My Lord,

The Bearer Mr. Matthew GARLAND being desirous of obtaining an appointment under the Regulations of Government as a settler in the New Colony at the Cape of Good Hope, I consequently beg leave to recommend him as an applicant truly worthy your attention, and he having under more affluent circumstances pursued a merchantile career is wishful in the event of his success that the portion of land to be allotted to him may be as near Algoa Bay as possible in order that if allowable he may avail himself of the double advantage of Agriculture & Trade

Your Lordship's most obed't sev't

N.M. GOLLENTZ

John ROWALL

Benj. THORPE

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