GSSAThe 1820 Settler Correspondence
 as preserved in the National Archives, Kew
 and edited by Sue Mackay

1820 Settler Correspondence before emigration

ALL the 1819 correspondence from CO48/41 through CO48/46 has been transcribed whether or not the writers emigrated to the Cape. Those written by people who did become settlers, as listed in "The Settler Handbook" by M.D. Nash (Chameleon Press 1987), are labelled 1820 Settler and the names of actual settlers in the text appear in red.

HAYHURST, Richard, 1820 Settler

National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 578

Liverpool

July 26th 1819

My Lord,

As Government have determined of assisting those who wish to emigrate to the Cape of Good Hope I with my family and a number of others wish to avail ourselves of so liberal an offer and as Liverpool is the place where emigration is going on with such spirit and vast numbers arriving daily for the purpose of going to the United States might I not be permitted to advertise the particulars in hand bills in order to collect a sufficient number together for one vessell and would lessen the spirit there off to the States. I have had some conversation with our chief Magistrate and should wish to act under his authority while I remain here in order to give the matter strength (as the publick have been duped once or twice by imposters) or in any other way you might suggest and as the vessells which sail from this port to the East Indies might not the owners be asked for tenders how much per head they would take passengers to the Cape which might be sent you or be received by some one here and so it will be necessary to make the deposits as early as possible if you will inform us in what manner they are to be made we will attend to them and every other particular relating thereto and should my offered services herein prove acceptable I shall gladly undertake to see all that go out with me located on the land assigned them and give every information to the Government respecting the settlement from time to time should it fall to my department so to do.

Waiting your answer I am, honoured Sir

Your most obedient and very humble servant

Richard HAYHURST

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 833

Liverpool

5 Oct 1819

Honourable Sir,

We beg leave to forward you the enclosed list of able bodied men and their families which we wish to take out under our direction subject to the provisions made by Government relative thereto and at same time assure you that we have taken considerable pains in selecting such families and individuals as we hope will be approved of. The present list does not contain the different useful and necessary trades which is intended to be taken out with us not having obtained their real ages and characters and being doubtful that a further delay might endanger your approval of us, a more correct list of the whole shall be forwarded you on the receipt of your sanctioning the present list which in the whole we presume will amount to 100 to 130 souls or upwards. Mr. Wm. BOARDMAN, Minister of the Established Church, wishes to join us and to become our Chaplain. He is well recommended by his friends and it is our wish that he may be accepted, his friends will write you on his behalf.

Mr. NEAVES of this town has just called to inform us of your approval of him and his party whose wish it is to proceed in the same vessell with our party from this port should we be approved of. A Mr. HODGSON of Hawkshead in this County has also been with us expressing a wish to join our party with about 20 individuals should they likewise be approved of whose list either is or will be forwarded you in a few days.

Waiting your answer we are, honourable Sir

Your most obedient humble servants

Richard HAYHURST

Michael WHITLEY

Description of the Persons taking out the Settlers:

Richard HAYHURST

Joiner and Cabinet Maker

Michael WHITLEY

Merchant

Names of the Settlers

Trade or Profession

Age

Names of the Women

Age

Male Children

Age

Female Children

Age

Richard HAYHURST

Cabinet Maker

39

Ellen HAYHURST

38

John HAYHURST

9

Sarah HAYHURST

17

             

Maria HAYHURST

15

             

Jane HAYHURST

12

Michael WHITLEY

Merchant

40

           

Benjamin HARTLEY

Farmer

36

Elizabeth HARTLEY

31

       

David CAWOOD

Farmer

43

Mary CAWOOD

33

James CAWOOD

21

Elizabeth CAWOOD

13

         

William CAWOOD

19

Mary CAWOOD

12

         

John CAWOOD

18

Sarah CAWOOD

9

         

Joshua CAWOOD

16

   
         

Samuel CAWOOD

10

   
         

Joseph CAWOOD

5

   
         

David CAWOOD

1

   

Thomas JOHNSON

Farmer

27

Mary JOHNSON

27

John JOHNSON

   

Henry HUDSON

Farmer

42

Mary HUDSON

27

James HUDSON

7

   
         

Richard HUDSON

   

John BRADLEY

Farmer

46

Mary BRADLEY

47

   

Mary BRADLEY

18

             

Ann BRADLEY

7

James ROBINSON

Farmer

21

           

John BRADLEY

Farmer

21

           

Henry STIRZAKER

Farmer

40

           

Andrew COUNSEL

Farmer

40

           

John WALKER

Farmer

31

           

James MURRAY

Farmer

40

Mary MURRAY

39

   

Ann MURRAY

12

             

Mary MURRAY

7

             

Margaret MURRAY

5

Thomas PEEL

Labourer

24

Mary PEEL

21

       

John POLLARD

Milnwright

36

Betty POLLARD

35

Thomas POLLARD

11

Betty POLLARD

13

         

William POLLARD

8

Mirah POLLARD

10

         

Henry POLLARD

4

   

Thomas HARDAKER

Labourer

29

Betty HARDAKER

27

   

Mary HARDAKER

8

             

Martha HARDAKER

6

John CHARLSWORTH

Labourer

21

           

John WILKINSON

Labourer

26

Wife

24

2 children under 8

 

   

Richard HARRISON

Butcher

30

Wife

29

4 children under 11

 

   

Robert CROSLEY

Weaver

23

Wife

24

2 children under 4

 

   

Benjamin HARRISON

Butcher

24

Wife

24

2 children under 5

 

   

Benjamin HARRISON

Farmer

50

Wife

48

1 son

16

   
         

9 children under 14

 

   

Robert KELBRICK

Farmer

21

           

Charles TUDOR

Cordwainer

29

Bridget TUDOR

28

Edward TUDOR

   

Rd Holding KNOWLES

Planter

34

           

John Hannan HOLDING

Land surveyor

32

           

John BOLD

Clockmaker

46

Hannah BOLD

46

Joshua BOLD

16

Mary BOLD

23

         

Caileb BOLD

9

Grace BOLD

21

             

Martha BOLD

11

             

Sarah BOLD

6

             

Elizabeth BOLD

Joseph CHARDWICK

Taylor

22

Mary CHARDWICK

18

       

John BRAITHWAIT

Farmer

23

Rachel BRAITHWAIT

29

John BRAITHWAIT

7

Emma BRAITHWAIT

5

         

Rich'd BRAITHWAIT

Mary BRAITHWAIT

3

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 875

Liverpool

17 Oct 1819

Sir,

Herewith you will receive a regular list of the 27 families already accepted by Earl BATHURST. We wish to state that being disappointed of three families we have substituted others in their place. We humbly hope you will have the kindness to state in your returns to us the intended time of embarkation. This information is particular desirable as all the families already entered are very eager to ascertain this point as also wether a transport will be appointed to call here or you will appoint one of the East Indiamen belonging to this port. We believe J. GLADSTONE Esq MP will have one leaving this port in four or five weeks. The second list of settlers which you was so kind to send forms; for the insertion of these names shall be forwarded by tomorrows post.

We are respectfully your most humble obedient servants

Richard HAYHURST

Michael WHITLEY

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 877

Liverpool

17 Oct 1819

Honourable Sir,

Herewith we have forwarded our second list and humbly hope that the party therein contained will be accepted. They being principally Relations and Neighbours of the party already accepted. And a list of Pentioners accompanying the party who we hope have taken proper measures for securing their Pentions according to instructions received by us from your office and forwarded to them. Your information respecting the intended time of sailing would confer another obligation on

Your most obedient humble servants

Richard HAYHURST

M. WHITLEY

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 879

Liverpool

Oct 18th 1819

Honourable Sir,

We write this at the particular request of a number of relatives and friends of the party going out to the Cape under our direction, who could not dispose of their property and businesses in time to proceed with us but are still desirous of embraceing the opportunity in the ensuing spring should Government think proper to allow them. They are principally farmers, joiners, smith &c of industrious and sober habits and will accede to Government proposals; They particularly wish to be located in or near our Neighbourhood should they (as aforesaid) be allowed to go out. If an answer to this can be transmitted to us at your earliest convenience the parties would then be enabled to prepare as it would be highly imprudent to break up their connections or dispose of property without being certain of the object in view. We presume they will amount to at least two hundred and fifty persons should this be answered favourably. We will appoint a person competent for the undertaking to come out with the party as director and who will transmit you the necessary lists relative thereto

We are honourable Sir

Your most obedient humble servants

Richard HAYHURST

M. WHITLEY

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 922

Liverpool

27 Nov 1819

Sir,

We wish to apologise for the manner in which our remittances have been forwarded to W. HILL Esq which has been intirely occasioned by unforeseen obstacles & the great distance which a number of the settlers reside from us. We have used every exertion to facilitate the business & will in the early part of next week transmit you our list as corrected.

We are your very humble servants

HAYHURST & WHITLEY

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/43, 928

Liverpool

30th Nov 1819

Sir,

Enclosed we beg leave to forward you three copies of our list as corrected containing one hundred and three settlers for the Cape of Good Hope, the Government deposits for whom have already been transmitted to W. HILL Esq Commissariat Department, Treasury amounting to four hundred and forty two pounds ten shillings which we trust will be found correct agreeable to the inclosed lists.

A few in our former lists who are anxious to proceed with the above have not yet come forward but if they could be allowed would embrace this opportunity.

We are Sir, your very humble servants

HAYHURST & WHITLEY

531 (filed under G for GLADSTONE)

Liverpool

20 Dec 1819

Sir,

Since your esteemed favor of the 2nd inst we have to acquaint you that our list stands as accepted by Earl BATHURST with the exception of John RIGG, who we have replaced with Thos. KIDD as below. By this post we understand that John GLADSTONE Esq MP has remitted to W. HILL Esq ten pounds as Government deposit for James KENT & family as under who he informs us you have allowed to be added to our list. In consequence of which alteration we presume it necessary to return the enclosed for your correction.

We are your obedient humble servants

HAYHURST & WHITLEY

Thos. KIDD, grazier, aged 32 in place of Jno. RIGG

James KENT, aged 27, household serv't

Ellen KENT aged 28

Rich'd John KENT aged 6 months

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