GSSAThe 1820 Settler Correspondence
 as preserved in the National Archives, Kew
 and edited by Sue Mackay

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1820 Settler Correspondence before emigration

ALL the 1819 correspondence from CO48/41 through CO48/46 has been transcribed whether or not the writers emigrated to the Cape. Those written by people who did become settlers, as listed in "The Settler Handbook" by M.D. Nash (Chameleon Press 1987), are labelled 1820 Settler and the names of actual settlers in the text appear in red.

WYNNE, Edward

(See also correspondence for Hezekiah SEPHTON in CO48/45)

National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 232

No.7 Duke Street

Lincolns Inn Fields

July 20th 1819

Sir,

Myself with nine other friends have a desire to go with our families to the Cape of Good Hope as setlers. We should be happy to learn as soon as may be consistent with your license what provisions Government are willing to grant for such setlers, our employments hitherto have been Taylor, Shoemaker, Smith, Carpenter and Husbandry Man. Should the terms be approved of by our friends we have reason to believe that at least a hundred of us would take advantage of the proposed measure and select a Minister to go with us of our own persuasion.

I am Sir your most hbl serv't

Edward WYNNE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 275

No.7 Duke Street

Lincolns Inn Fields

28th July 1819

Sir,

Having received yours containing a copy of the terms on which Government are willing to assist Emigrants to settle at the Cape and wishing to be still further satisfied with respect to the precise terms on which we would embark I have thought proper to trouble you with a few queries to which I should wish an answer previous to finally making up my mind.

How far from Cape Town are the lands intended for the Setlers and are they inland or on the Coast

What markets are there to sell the produce of the land and at what distance. Will any of the parties be permitted to reside at Cape Town to retail the produce.

Are the Setlers all to be examined and when

When is the deposit money to be paid

Where do the Setlers embark and will any provisions be made in event of accidental delay

Is any provision made by Government for the Setlers exclusive of the passage out and what

[Margin note by GOULBURN: none engaged for]

Is any houses provided for the Setlers or out houses for the accommodation of stock

[Margin note by GOULBURN: none]

What tonnage are the Setlers permitted to take with them and may the respective tradesmen carry all their working utensils

[Margin note by GOULBURN: 1st reasonable 2nd yes]

Will Government provide any implements of husbandry

[Margin note by GOULBURN: May be purchased]

After arrival at the Cape will Government allow anything till the first produce is reared and what.

Is the land allready cleared on which it is proposed the setlers should reside and will they all lie con[tiguous] to each other so as to form a neighbourhood.

[Margin note by GOULBURN: Not absolutely cleared but not very woody – in same area]

Is there any conveyance by water for the setlers to bring their produce to Cape Town

[Margin note by GOULBURN: No]

Upon all male children belonging to the setlers arriving at 18 years of age will Government allow 100 acres of land to them

[Margin note by GOULBURN: Depends upon their industry]

Provided 100 setlers goes of one persuasion what provision will be made for the Minister

[Margin note by GOULBURN: Not yet decided]

Are Government willing for the setlers to act as Volunteers and to have arms provided by Government supposing the setlers to act on the same principle as our Local Militia formerly did.

[Margin note by GOULBURN: In their respective [obscured] conform to laws of [obscured]]

Will the setlers enjoy all the priviledges of British subjects

[Margin note by GOULBURN: they will be governed by the laws of the Colony in the same manner as other British subjects residing there]

I am Sir

Your most obed't humble serv't

Edward WYNNE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 357

August 16th 1819

Sir,

I beg lave to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 12th instant and in reply beg to state that I have every reason to believe that out number in a few days will be 100 or more who will be willing to accept the terms proposed by his Majesty's Government as setlers to the Cape of Good Hope, we therefore wait your pleasure to forward such necessary information as may be required for our guidance.

I am Sir

Your most obed't humble srv't

Edward WYNNE

My former letter was addressed from Duke Street. In future have the goodness to address to me at No.66 Queen Street, Lincolns Inn Fields

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 381

No.66 Queen Street

Lincolns Inn Fields

21st August 1819

Sir,

Inclosed you have a list of names of Emigrants to the Cape upon the terms proposed by Government. But under existing circumstances I feel myself compelled to claim your indulgence for a few days untill the number is compleated to 100 – if it accords with your feelings.

I shall be glad to know what the latest period of time will be at which the final arrangement may be concluded, as I have several friends in the country who wish to take advantage of the terms proposed. We are belonging to the Wesleyan Methodist connexion and wish a minister of our own persuasion to accompany us, and I shall esteem it a particular favour that your answer should be as early as possible.

I am Sir

Your most obed't humble servant

Edward WYNNE

 

Age

Trade

Childrens Names

Age

Edward WYNNE

38

Smith

Edward

13

Fanny WYNNE Wife

40

 

Mary Ann

10

     

William

6

     

Jane

2

Richard PITT*

43

Husbandry

Robert

8

Lucy PITT Wife

39

 

Joseph

1

William BURN

25

Taylor

William

1

Ann BURN Wife

24

     

William MARSH**

50

Husbandry

Sarah

16

Martha MARSH

50

 

Thomas Wadmore

15

     

Joseph Pickton

13

     

George Dakin

11

     

Mary

4

Stephen MUMMERY

22

Cabinet Maker

   

James HOW

23

Husbandry

   

James WRIGHT

20

Clerk

Phebe

4

Sarah WRIGHT Wife

20

     

William AUSTIN

 

Smith

   

X AUSTIN Wife

       

Samuel RUDMAN

28

Husbandry

   

James RUDMAN

29

Tanner

   

Benjamin RUDMAN

27

Husbandry

   

Henry SPARKS

30

Carpenter

Henry

5

Mary SPARKS Wife

38

 

Mary Ann

4

     

Francis

2

Richard WILLIS

28

Shoemaker

   

James WILLIS

26

Shoemaker

   

Thomas COOPER

21

Cabinet Maker

   

Aaron ALLDUM

39

Weaver

Ann

13

Edy ALLDUM Wife

32

 

Jane

11

     

Aaron

4

     

Ruth

1

William BANNER

22

Cabinet maker

   

William PRYNN

40

Husbandry

Sarah Clark

10

Jane PRYNN Wife

35

 

William Edward

8

     

Elizabeth

6

     

Jane Mary

2

     

John Henry

3 wks

Hezekiah SEPHTON

43

Carpenter

Hezekiah

12

Jane SEPHTON Wife

43

 

Jane

11

John BAWTELL

33

Carpenter

John

10

Richard PAINTER

37

Gardener

Richard Joseph

13

Hariet PAINTER Wife

34

 

Fred'k Thomas

6

     

Mary

3

     

Hariet Matilda

7 mts

Joseph SHORT

33

Gardener

John

7

Mary SHORT Wife

30

 

Mary

5

     

Penelope

3

John WATKINS

21

Mathematical Instrument Maker

   

Thomas SEPHTON

18

Carpenter

   

John SYMMONS

36

Husbandry

Henry

6

Nancy SYMMONS Wife

40

     

Richard PICKSTOCK

44

Taylor

Sharlotte

 

Francis PICKSTOCK Wife

35

     

Thomas DOWLEN***

24

Husbandry

Mary

4

Ann DOWLEN, Wife***

26

     

Thomas DOBSON***

25

Taylor

   

Mary DOBSON Wife***

22

     

George BROWN

34

Gardener

   

Francis BROWN Wife

34

     

William WATSON

18

Labourer

Charles (brother)

13

James URRY

42

Taylor

Sarah

11

Mary URRY Wife

36

 

Martha

9

     

Priscilla

8

     

Rudda

6

     

Anna

3

William FOWLER

23

Husbandry

   

Thomas FRANCIS

33

Carpenter

Sophia

7

Elizabeth FRANCIS Wife

33

 

Thomas William

5

     

Jeremiah

4

     

George

2

     

Charles

6 mts

Joseph LOVEKIN

41

Carpenter

Sarah

11

Ann LOVEKIN Wife

47

     

William SYMONS

40

Labourer

William

3

Mary SYMONS Wife

30

 

John

1

William PHILLIPS

22

Painter

   

Thomas SALTER

35

Carpenter

Thomas

4

Maria Ann SALTER Wife

33

 

William

1

James BRYANT

25

Sawyer

James

4

Mary Elizabeth BRYANT Wife

24

 

Thomas

1

James WILLIAMS

30

Wheelwright

James

5

Elizabeth WILLIAMS

30

 

Jonathan

3

Daniel BROWN

30

Coach Maker

Daniel

2

Ann BROWN Wife

28

     

James HOGSFLESH

39

Coach Maker

   

George JENKINSON

31

Chair Maker

Hannah

11

Sarah JENKINSON Wife

31

 

Charles

5

     

Alfred

3

     

John

1

John BLACKMAN

40

Labourer

Henry

9

Sarah BLACKMAN Wife

35

 

Sarah

5

     

Bella

3

William TILLEY

27

Sadler

No children

 

Hannah TILLEY Wife

25

     

William POOKE

25

Shoemaker

   

Henry JAMES

32

Carpenter

Rebecca

10

Esther JAMES Wife

32

 

Henry

9

     

James

3

     

William

9 mts

Jacob BREWIN

20

Gardener

   

Alexander DAVISON

40

Carpenter

X 3 children

 

X DAVISON Wife

       

X FOWLER

 

Carpenter

X 1 child

 

Rebecca FOWLER Wife

       

X George BLAKE

 

Husbandry

X 1 child

 

X BLAKE Wife

       

William SHEPHERD

30

 

X 3

 

X SHEPHERD Wife

24

     

Benjamin HUGHES

24

Tallow Melter

   

Samuel BLOXHAM****

24

Tallow Melter

   

John GREEN

31

Labourer

   

X GREEN Wife

       

John STEVESON

       

X STEVESON Wife

       

John MILLER

29

Husbandry

   

William MILLER

40

Husbandry

X 4

 

Elizabeth MILLER Wife

42

     

James TEMLETT

22

     

X Ann TEMLETT Wife

23

     

X = At present I am not able to give a correct account of names & ages

[Transcriber's Note:

* The Settler Handbook lists him as Robert PITT

** The Settler Handbook lists him as Thomas MARSH

*** Ann DOWLEN and Mary DOBSON were the daughters of Richard PICKSTOCK. They did not sail in 1820 but sailed in 1826 – see correspondence of William SHEPHERD 1826 at CO48/46

**** Samuel BLOXHAM is not listed in The Settler Handbook but appears in Hockly's ‘Story of the British Settlers of 1820 as a member of SEPHTON's Party]

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 433

No.66 Great Queen Street

Lincolns Inn Fields

4th September 1819

Sir,

I have taken the liberty to inclose for inspection and perusal a few additional names to the number I have already sent in as intended settlers at the Cape and make no doubt should your indulgence be extended a little longer I shall be able to make the number one hundred. It is with regret I trouble you but as it is the wish of our party not to be disappointed in the desired settlement I have thought right to apprize you that we may not be disappointed from our own neglect.

I am Sir

Your most obed't humble servant

Edward WYNNE

 

Age

Trade

Childrens Names

Age

Thomas JONES

30

Smith

   

Sarah JONES Wife

31

     

John OATES

31

Shoemaker

Mary Ann

3

Elizabeth OATES Wife

35

 

Samuel

11mo

John PAIN

31

Carpenter

Mary

6

Sarah PAIN Wife

29

     

William RAYNER

26

Husbandry

Eliza

2mo

Martha RAYNER Wife

22

     

Mercy MORRIS Sister

20

     

Charles LINNEL

21

Plumber

   

Levi MAYNARD

44

Husbandry

Joseph

17

Sarah MAYNARD Wife

40

 

Leah

15

     

Mary

10

James Mortimer MAYNARD

20

Sawyer

   

Thomas DAGNALL

24

Chair Maker

Lewesa

3

Ester DAGNALL Wife

23

 

Henry

1

Thomas FANCOT

28

Husbandry

   

X FANCOT Wife

       

Joseph TURPIN

28

Schoolmaster

   

William Henry MATTHEWS

25

Labourer

   

James EDWARDS

23

Shoemaker

   

Ann EDWARDS Wife

22

     

William LEE Sen.

39

Butcher

George

13

Ann LEE Wife

38

 

Frederick

11

     

Henry

10

     

Elisha

9

William LEE Jun.

18

Butcher

   

Richard OWEN

48

Card Maker

   

Jane OWEN Wife

46

     

Richard SMITH

46

Carpenter

Owen

12

Mary SMITH Wife

48

     

William HAZELL

39

Butcher

   

Mary HAZELL

29

     

Henry HILLIARD

35

Husbandry

   

Joseph GOADLEY

31

Taylor

   

Mary GOADLEY Wife

31

     

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 471

No.66 Great Queen Street

Lincolns Inn Fields

Sep 24th 1819

Sir,

I herewith inclose a list of 22 Settlers which makes our number 97 and have no doubt but I shall soon be able to return 100, the number required for whom Government will allow a Minister, it would be oblidgeing to know when Government will finally fix on the Settlers whom they may select, as the period mentioned for Embarkation is fast approaching and we are anxious to ascertain if possible the precise time of departure as many of us will require some time in order to manage our affairs.

Without wishing to intrude I hope it may not be considered as to much if I should request an early answer.

I am Sir

Your humble servant

Edward WYNNE

 

Age

Trade

Childrens Names

Age

X Charles WOOD

       

X Samuel EPCOTT

       

X Thomas JACOX

       

John OATES

31

Shoemaker

Mary Anne

3

Elizabeth OATES Wife

35

 

Samuel

11mo

John PAINE

31

Carpenter

Mary

6

Sarah PAINE Wife

29

     

X James RUSSELL

       

X Robert BRAGSHAW

       

X Charles PENNY

       

X Thomas WELLS

       

X John EVANS

       

Daniel PROBERT

37

Shoemaker

Mary

15

Hariet PROBERT Wife

33

 

Daniel

13

     

Samuel

8

Benjamin PATRICK

42

Husbandry

Ann

16?

Mary PATRICK Wife

40

 

Martha

13

     

Joab

10

     

Sarah

8

     

Samuel

6

Samuel CYRUS

37

Labourer

George

8

Deborah CYRUS Wife

27

 

Jeremiah

6

     

Samuel

4

     

Emma

6 mo

Thomas HOLMES

34

Husbandry

Mary Ann

12

Mary HOLMES Wife

36

 

Hanah

9

     

Margaret

5

     

Thomas

3

     

Susannah

10mo

Joseph WILMOT

30

Glass Cutter

Joseph

10mo

Ann WILMOT Wife

26

     

John STANFORD

35

Smith

None

 

Ann STANFORD Wife

25

     

Richard GUSH

38

Carpenter

Mary Hannah

6

Margaret GUSH Wife

29

 

Thomas

2

Thomas ROBINSON

38

Umbrella Maker

Mary Ann

14

Mary Ann ROBINSON Wife

38

 

George

13

     

William

9

     

Charles

7

     

Samuel

3

     

James

6mo

William OATRAM

30

Carpenter

None

 

Elizabeth OATRAM Wife

27

     

Robert HARVEY

32

Labourer

None

 

Mary HARVEY Wife

26

     

Benjamin BOOTH

32

Baker

Margaret

10

Margaret BOOTH Wife

28

 

Sarah

7

     

Jane

2

William RAYNER

26

Husbandry

Eliza

2mo

Martha RAYNER Wife

22

     

Mary MORRIS Sister

20

     

X = These I have misplaced address &c but will get it as soon as possible

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/46, 545

66 Great Queen Street

Lincolns Inn Fields

October 28 1819

Sir,

It is with mixed feelings of regret and disappointment that I address you at this time but the circumstances in which I am placed from domestic affliction render it necessary. The arrangements which I have hitherto conducted with you for the emigration of 100 families to the Cape of Good Hope are by this means in some measure frustrated and I think it proper to apprize you for the double purpose of ascertaining wheather Government will accept of another person as the responsible agent instead of myself, as for the reasons I have stated I am rendered incapable of emigrating as I had much desired. To prevent however the party from being disappointed I have taken the liberty to bring with me Thomas COLLING Builder No.166 Wapping Street who is the person selected by me and approved of by the Society to succeed me in the management of the affairs in the hope that you will accept of him as my successor in this business.

I am Sir

Your most obed't humble serv't

Edward WYNNE

[Transcriber's Note: Edward WYNNE was originally the leader of SEPHTON's Party and carried on all the original correspondence. Although he did not sail with the settlers, due to the death of his wife, he did eventually reach the Cape, and was buried in Grahamstown.]

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