Rand Daily Mail 1945 05 May

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Tuesday 8 May 1945

THE STORY OF THE WAR: FROM DEFEAT TO VICTORY.

At dawn on September 1, 1939, without an ultimatum or declaration of war, German forces invaded Poland. The British and French Governments immediately informed the German Government that, unless the German troops were withdrawn forthwith, they would fulfil their obligations to Poland.

At 11 o'clock on Sunday morning, September 3, Mr Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister, announced in a radio broadcast from No 10, Downing Street that Britain was at war with Germany. At 5 p.m. the same day the French ultimatum to Germany expired. The second Great War had begun.

For 3 years the German military machine swept irresistibly forward. Most of Europe was in its grip. And then, at El Alamein and at Stalingrad, the tide of Nazi fortunes began to ebb. Slowly, relentlessly, the Germans were driven from their conquests and finally smashed within the confines of their own Reich.

The story of this war is a story of tragedy, disaster, defeat and at last victory. It is unfolded now as a sequence of great events.

1939.

September:

1. German troops invade Poland.

3. Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.

5. South Africa declares war.

17. Russian troops march into Poland. More than 500 lives are lost when a U-boat sinks the aircraft carrier Courageous.

24. Thousands of people killed in bombardment of Warsaw.

October:

1. German troops enter Warsaw.

14. German submarine sinks H.M.S. Royal Oak in Scapa Flow. 810 lives were lost.

19. Anglo-French treaty with Turkey signed at Ankara.

31. M. MOLOTOV states that Finland has rejected Soviet demand for mutual assistance pact.

November.

4. President ROOSEVELT signs revised Neutrality Act.

22. Germany declares unrestricted submarine warfare.

26. Armed merchant cruiser Rawalpindi sunk off Iceland after gallant fight against German "pocket " battleship.

28. Soviet Russia denounces non-aggression treaty with Finland.

30. Finland invaded by air, land and sea.

December.

13. Battle of the River Plate. Three British cruisers under the command of Commodore H.H. HARWOOD force the "pocket" battleship Graf Spree to take shelter in Montevideo harbour.

17. First contingent of Canadian forces lands in England. Graf Spree scuttled.

1940.

January

5. Mr Oliver STANLEY succeeds Mr HORE-BELISHA as British Minister of War.

February

12. First contingent of Anzacs lands at Suez.

17. Russians penetrate outposts of Mannerheim Line.

March

11. Meat rationing begins in Britain.

13. Terms of Peace Treaty between Russia and Finland announced.

18. HITLER and MUSSOLINI meet at Brenner Pass.

20. M. Paul REYNAUD succeeds M. DALADIER as Prime Minister of France.

April

3. British Cabinet re-shuffle, Sir Samuel HOARE, Air Minister.

8. Allies mine Norwegian Territorial waters to stop German iron-ore traffic with Narvik.

9. Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark occupied in a day. In Norway Germans take Oslo and land at several ports. Puppet Government set up under Major QUISLING.

10. Four German destroyers and seven other vessels sunk in first battle at Narvik.

13. Seven destroyers sunk by British forces in second battle at Narvik.

15. British troops land in Norway.

May.

2. Mr CHAMBERLAIN announces the withdrawal of British troops from regions in Norway south of Trondheim.

10. German land and air forces attack Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg. Mr CHURCHILL succeeds Mr CHAMBERLAIN as Prime Minister, and a Government is formed during the next five days from members of all political parties. Thousands of Germans parachute, many in disguise, land in Holland. There is fierce fighting in Rotterdam, Luxembourg is overrun, Allies cross border into Belgium.

14. Dutch Commander –in-Chief orders fighting to cease. Germans reach the Meuse from Liege to Sedan. In Britain the Home Guard is formed.

15. Germans occupy Holland. At Boden, by fierce use of mechanised forces, they drive salient into French lines.

17. Enemy enters Brussels and B.E.F. withdraws to the west of the city. The bulge between the Sambre and Sedan widens.

18. Marshal PéTAIN becomes Vice-Premier of France.

19. General WEYGAND succeeds General GAMELIN as Allied C-in-C., German offensive turns towards Channel ports.

26. Germans occupy Boulogne.

28. King of the Belgians order Belgian troops to lay down their arms, and British and French forces in Flanders are left isolated, with only one small corridor to the sea at Dunkirk.

29. B.E.F. makes fighting withdrawal to the coast. Next day the great evacuation od Dunkirk is in progress.

June

1-4. Evacuation of Dunkirk completed, and 335,000 men saved in one of the most difficult operations in war ever undertaken.

5. Germans launch violent new offensive – the Battle of France – on the Somme-Aisne front.

10. Italy enters the war.

14. Germans enter Paris.

16. REYNAUD Cabinet resigns. PETAIN becomes Premier, with WEYGAND as Deputy.

17. PETAIN asks for peace terms. Mr CHURCHILL says that Britain will fight on. In London, General DE GAULLE, M. REYNAUD's military advisor calls to Frenchmen to fight on.

July.

1. HITLER, in FOCH's railway carriage in the forest of Complégne, informs French delegation of his terms for an armistice.

5. Hostilities in France end.

11. PéTAIN becomes Chief of the French State.

August.

4. Italians invade British Somaliland.

8. Massed German air raids on Britain begin.

24-31. Heavy raids on London.

September.

3. United States gives 50 destroyers to Britain, in return for the use of British bases.

14. Italians move on Egypt.

15. Battle of Britain reaches its peak. R.A.F. shoots down 188 German planes. The great German attempt to clear a way for the invasion of Britain has failed.

22. Japanese enter French Indo-China, and join Axis alliance.

October.

11. Germans occupy Rumania.

26. VICHY agrees to collaborate with Germany.

28. Italians invade Greece, British occupy Crete.

November.

6. President ROOSEVELT re-elected for third term.

13. Italian Fleet disabled at Taranto.

20. Hungary, Rumania, and Slovakia join Tripartite Pact.

December.

9. General WAVELL begins offensive in Libya.

29. Great fire raid on London.

31. HITLER promises victory in 1941.

1941.

February.

6. Offensive in Libya ends with capture of Benghazi.

11. Capture of Afmadu – beginning of the Abyssinian Campaign.

20. Fall of Mega ; crossing of Juba River.

25. Capture of Mogadishu.

March.

1. Bulgaria joins Axis; Germans in Sophia.

11. Lease-Lend Act signed.

15. British troops land in Greece.

16. Berbera (British Somaliland) retaken.

25. Yugoslavia joins Axis pact.

27. Coup d'etat in Yugoslavia, pact denounced.

28. Battle of Matapan – more damage to Italian Fleet.

31. Asmara (Eritrea) occupied.

April.

3. Rashib Ali coup in Iraq. British evacuate Benghazi.

6. Germany invades Greece and Yugoslavia. South Africans enter Addis Ababa.

9. Fall of Salonika.

13. German drive in Libya halted at Sollum.

27. Evacuation of Greece begins.

May.

10. HESS lands in Scotland.

20. German air invasion of Crete. Duke of Aosta surrenders at Amba Alagi.

24. H.M.S. Hood sunk by the Bismarck.

27. Bismarck sunk in Atlantic. President ROOSEVELT proclaims State of Emergency.

June.

1. Evacuation of Crete.

8. British and Free French enter Syria.

18. Turkey signs Treaty of Friendship with Germany.

22. Germany invades Russia on a 1,500 mile front.

27. Germans overrun eastern Poland, and break through towards Minsk.

July.

3. Germans advancing along entire Eastern Front, are driving on Smolenak.

7. United States troops land in Iceland.

12. Cease fire in Syria.

20. Bessarabia overrun. Germans enter South Russia.

August.

4. German drive in Ukraine makes rapid progress.

15. CHURCHILL – ROOSEVELT meeting in Atlantic. Eight Point declaration issued.

16. New Russian line established on Dnieper.

25. British and Russian forces enter Iran.

September.

11. VON LEEB orders capture of Leningrad.

16. Shah of Iran abdicates.

19. Germans take Kiev.

25. Germans launch attack against Crimea.

October.

1. CHURCHILL announces reduces shipping loses.

3. Germans in Russia, after regrouping, launch new offensive.

14. Battle of Moscow begun. HITLER announces that battles for the final and complete destruction of the Russian armies are in progress.

16. Odessa evacuated.

25. Fall of Kharkov.

31. Fall of the Crimea.

November.

3. New attack on Moscow.

6. KURUSU on way to United States.

14. Ark Royal sunk.

18. General CUNNINGHAM launches offensive in Libya.

20. Russians evacuate Kerch, in the Crimea.

23. 5th S.A. Brigade fights gallantly at Sidi Rezegh.

December.

1. Germans retreat from Rostov.

4. Russians launch offensive on Moscow front.

8. Japan attacks Pearl Harbour; at war with U.S. and Britain. Siam occupied. Landings at Malaya.

10. Japanese land in Philippines. The Prince of Wales and the Repulse sunk off Malaya. Germany and Italy at war with U.S.

12. British reach Gazala.

17. Russians break through at Kalinin.

19. Japanese land on Hong Kong. HITLER takes command of the German armies.

25. Benghazi occupied.

1942.

January.

2. Recapture of Bardia by South African troops. Japanese occupy Manila and Cavite.

4. Russians advance west of Moscow.

17. Axis garrison at Halfaya surrenders to 2nd South African Division.

30. All Empire forces withdrawn from Malayan mainland to Singapore Island.

February.

3. Derna recaptured by Axis forces.

8. Japanese land on Singapore Island.

12. The Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany.

15. Fall of Singapore, Russians break through on Leningrad front.

25. German 16th Army encircled by Russians at Staraya Russa.

27. Japanese land in Java.

March.

9. Rangoon evacuated.

10. Japanese land in New Guinea.

14. American expeditionary force in Australia.

April.

9. Japanese capture Bataan peninsula.

12. American planes bomb Tokyo.

May.

1. Mandalay occupied by Japanese.

4 – 8. Japanese Navy mauled in the Battle of the Coral Sea.

14. Marshal TIMOSHENKO launches offensive on Kharkov front.

25. New offensive by ROMMEL in Libya.

28. British troops withdraw from Burma.

30. Cologne raided by 1,000 bombers.

June.

1. Great tank battle in Western Desert.

20. Germans capture Tobruk.

25. ROMMEL's forces cross Egyptian frontier.

28. Germans capture Mersa Matruh.

July.

1. Fall of Sevastopol.

6. Germans reach River Don.

21. ROMMEL held at El Alamein.

27. Germans capture Rostov and force gateway to Caucasus oil region.

August.

19. Allied raid on Dieppe.

23. Heaviest fighting of war as Battle for Stalingrad begins.

31. ROMMEL attacks Allied line in Egypt.

September.

5. ROMMEL's offensive repulsed by Eighth Army.

16. Violent fighting in north-western outskirts of Stalingrad.

October.

4. Stalingrad devastated by massed air bombing.

23. English Army launches powerful offensive in Western Desert.

28. Nazis in Stalingrad drive wedge to Volga bank.

November.

5. ROMMEL's forces in North Africa, smashed west of El Alamein, begin a headlong retreat.

7. End of campaign in Madagascar.

8. American Forces land in French North Africa, Eighth Army takes Mersa Matruh.

11. Hostilities cease in French North Africa. Americans drive towards Tunisia. Unoccupied France invaded by the Germans.

13. Eighth Army advances into Cyrenaica.

23. Russians advance 40 miles near Stalingrad.

28. French warships at Toulon scuttled.

December.

13. ROMMEL retreats west of El Agheila.

23. Russians advance 75 miles in week on Don Front.

25. Germans routed on Middle Don.

29. Russians recapture Kotelnikovo.

1943.

January.

18. Siege of Leningrad lifted.

22. Allies recapture Papua.

23. Tripoli surrenders to General MONTGOMERY.

27. Siege of Stalingrad raised.

February.

2. Stalingrad recaptured by Russians and German Sixth Army annihilated.

8. Russians recapture Kursk.

9. Allies capture Guadalcanal.

14. Russians capture Rostov and Voroshilovgrad.

16. Russians recapture Kharkov.

March.

4. Battle of the Bismarck Sea; 22 Japanese ships sunk.

12. Russians recapture Viasma.

14. Germans retake Kharkov.

April.

10. Eighth Army captures Sfax.

25. Ban on church bells in England lifted.

May.

5. Record sinking of U-boats by Allies announced.

7. Tunis and Bizerta captured.

17. Moehne and Eder dams breached by bombing.

June.

3. Americans capture Attu (Aleutians).

11 -12. Pantellaria and Lampedusa surrender.

July.

10. Allies invade Sicily.

19. HITLER and MUSSOLINI meet.

25. MUSSOLINI resigns.

29. Hamburg shattered by 7,000 tons of bombs dropped in six days.

August.

5. Russians recapture Orel.

10. CHURCHILL in Canada, Quebec Conference Opens.

17. Sicily captured.

23. Russians recapture Kharkov.

September.

3. Invasion of Italian mainland.

8. Unconditional surrender by Italy.

10. Italian battle fleet surrenders to Malta.

17. Russians recapture Novorossisk and Briansk.

25. Smolensk retaken by the Russians.

28. Foggia captured by the Eighth Army.

October.

1. Naples captured. Italy accepted as co-belligerent.

13. Portugal grants bases in the Azores to Allies.

14. Italy declares war on Germany.

25. Russians recapture Dniepropetrovsk.

30. Moscow Conference; complete agreement reached.

November.

1. Americans land on Bougainville, in the Solomons.

6. Russians recapture Kiev.

22. CHURCHILL, ROOSEVELT and CHIANG KAI-SHEK meet in North Africa.

26. Russians recapture Gomel.

December.

1. CHURCHILL, ROOSEVELT, and STALIN complete meeting at Teheran.

26. German battleship Scharnhorst sunk off Northern Norway. EISENHOWER appointed Commander-in-Chief of Invasion Forces.

1944.

January.

3. Russians reach Polish Frontier.

May.

10. General ALEXANDER launches all-out offensive in Italy.

June.

4. Fall of Rome.

6. D Day, Allies invade France in greatest amphibious operation of the war. Landing made on the coast of Normandy.

17. Flying bomb warfare starts.

23. Allied foothold in France consolidated. Liberation of Cherbourg Peninsula begins.

July.

21. Attempt to kill HITLER.

August.

1. Russians reach outskirts of Warsaw.

4. Springboks enter Florence.

15. Allies invade southern France.

20. Battle of annihilation in the Falaise pocket.

23-25. Paris liberated.

September.

2. Allies reach Germany's western frontier. Capture of Pisa, in Italy.

4. Liberation of Brussels and the city of Antwerp. "Cease Fire" in Finland .

5. Russia declares war on Bulgaria.

6. Bulgaria asks for armistice.

8. Bulgaria declares war on Germany.

11. CHURCHILL and ROOSEVELT meet in Quebec.

17. Great Allied air-borne landing in Holland.

19. Britain and Russia sign armistice with Finland.

20. Surrender of Brest.

22. Surrender of Boulogne.

29. Cap Gris-Nez captured. Russians free Estonia, drive into Latvia.

October.

1. Calais captured.

3. Poles in Warsaw capitulate.

5. Allies land in Greece

9. CHURCHILL and EDEN in Moscow. Allies land in Scheldt estuary.

13. Russians take Riga.

14. British occupy Athens.

15. Germans announce death of ROMMEL. Japanese defeated in great naval battle off Formosa.

19. Invasion of Leyte, in Philippines.

20. Capture of Aachen. Liberation of Belgrade.

November.

2. British enter Salonika.

5. Zeebrugge and Flushing captured, port of Antwerp cleared, all Belgium liberated.

7. ROOSEVELT elected for fourth term.

10. CHURCHILL announces advent of V 2.

12. Battleship Tirpitz sunk in Tromso Fjord.

23. Allies enter Strasbourg.

December.

2. DE GAULLE meets STALIN in Moscow.

3. Civil war starts in Athens.

5. Capture of Ravenna, British troops intervene in Athens.

6. Americans enter Saarbrucken.

11. Russians at gates of Budapest.

16. VON RUNDSTEDT begins counter-offensive in Belgium and Luxembourg.

27. Germans reach point of deepest penetration – 56 miles – into Belgium.

29. German offensive halted.

31. VON RUNDSTEDT's forces being slowly and steadily pushed back.

1945.

January.

3. Street fighting in Budapest.

5. Germans advance in Alsace.

9. Allies get a grip on German attack in West and start to recover lost ground.

12. 25 Japanese ships sunk in action off Indo-China.

13. Russians launch offensive in Poland, and surge through Vistula bridge-head.

17. Announced that 260 divisions are taking part in Russian offensives. Allies in West launch new attacks.

18. Warsaw and Cracow captured, as Russians advance on 250-mile front.

22. Russians deep inside East Prussia. Tannenberg captured.

23. Zhukov 150 miles nearer Berlin after week's fighting.

24. KONIEV reaches Oder River on wide side.

25. German positions in East Prussia crumble. British advance in Germany.

29. Russians cross border into Germany. Americans launch new attack north of St Vith.

February.

1. Russian spear-heads speed on towards Berlin. Spear-heads 45 miles from capital.

5. Battle for Oder crossings.

7. Oder forced south of Breslau.

8. CHURCHILL, ROOSEVELT and STALIN meet at Yalta, in the Crimea. KONIEV advances 30 miles to Silesea.

9. Americans launch offensive against Siegfried Line. Russians make breach in Oder line near Breslau.

13. Momentous decision taken by "Big Three" at Yalta announced. Three Powers to occupy separate zones in Germany. Agreement reached on Poland. Reparations body to sit in Moscow.

14. Budapest captured.

16. 1,500 carrier-based planes in Pacific begin heavy raid on Tokyo.

17. KONIEV's right wing links up with ZHUKOV.

20. United States marines land on Iwo Jima in the Pacific.

February.

22. General PATTON's Third Army breaks through organised German resistance in the triangular area formed by the Saar and the Moselle rivers. Marshal KONIEV straightens Russian Line south of Frankfurt-on-Oder.

24. Allies launch drive towards Cologne. Fierce clash 22 miles from city. Turkey decides to declare war on Axis. Posen captured. Russians 30 miles from Danzig.

26. Russians thrust into Pomerania.

27. Germans' Rhur and Rhine defence start to crumble. Four Allied armies drive towards Rhine on 150 mile front. Berlin gives its heavies daylight raid of the war.

March.

1. United States First Army within sight of the Rhine. Outskirts of Cologne reached.

2. Muenchengladbach captured. Allies enter Treves. British and Canadian forces pound Germans in great battle of annihilation west of Wesel, on the Rhine.

3. Allies drive into suburb of Dusseldorf. Crefeld, Venlo and Roermond captured. Germans begin frantic with drawl across the Rhine.

5. Day and night Allied air blitz on Reich reaches new pitch of ferocity. Allied forces begin to reach west bank of Rhine in strength. Russians begin to make large gains in Pomerania and Baltic area.

7. Allies capture Cologne, German High Command orders general retreat across the Rhine. Russians reach mouth of the Oder.

8. General PATTON makes spectacular advance through rugged Eifel Mountains and menaces Coblenz.

9. Americans cross Rhine at Remagen in surprise assault. Firm bridge-head established. Heavy armoured battle raging for Stettin. British forces enter Mandalay.

12. British wipe out German bridge-head at Wesel. Americans hold eight towns east of Rhine. Essen hit with 4,000 tons of bombs.

13. Russians capture Kuestrin. 5,000 tons of bombs dropped on Dortmund.

14. Allies prepare to cross Rhine in force.

15. Russians launch offensive in Hungary.

16. Royal Air Force uses 10,000 tons of bombs in raid on Germany. Americans menace Saar Basin in new drive.

17. American conquest of Iwo Jima completed. Remagen bridge-head enlarged.

20. Spectacular Allied advance in Saar basin. Three major Russian offences - Hungary, Upper Silesia and Danzig area – in full swing.

21. American Third Army captures Worms, enters Mainz. PATTON destroying German Seventh Army. Capture of Mandalay completed. United States Fleet cripples Japanese Navy in its home waters.

22. Organized Nazi resistance in Saar collapses. Americans enter Ludwigshafen. Allied air attacks leave great part of Reich in flames. Germans fleeing amid indescribable havoc.

23. MONTGOMERY lays huge smokescreen over his armies in northern sector of Western Front, Russians launch new offensive in Upper Silesia, capture 7 towns and 15,000 prisoners.

24. PATTON's army smashes across the Rhine. Great Allied air attacks continue with paralysing effect. KONIEV pursuing Germans towards Sudeten foothills.

25. MONTGOMERY's Armies cross the Rhine in force in biggest river offensive of the war. Thirty-mile wide bridge-head established. Russian pincers closing on Vienna.

27. Six Allied armies crash forward east of Rhine. PATTON's men enter Frankfurt-on-Main.

28. Allies driving fast into heart of Reich. Main German defence line east of Rhine broken.

30. Russians cross Austrian frontier.

April.

1. U.S. Marines land on Okinawa.

9. Russians take Koenigsberg. Fierce fighting in Vienna.

12. Death of President ROOSEVELT. Vice-President Harry TRUMAN succeeds to the presidency.

17. 6th S.A. Armoured Division in action in new offensive on Italian front. Russians drive on Berlin.

21. British Eighth Army and American 5th Army capture Bologna. Red Army fighting in suburbs of Berlin.

22. Marshal ZHUKOV's forces driving into heart of Berlin.

23. Russians reach River Elbe northwest of Dresden. Marshal KONIEV breaks into Berlin from the south. Fifth and Eighth Armies reach River Po.

24. Soviet Armour round two-thirds of Berlin. Americans driving into "Bavarian redoubt".

25. Berlin encircled. Berchtesgaden bombed, direct hits on HITLER's chalet.

26. American and Russian forces link at Torgau, in central Germany. Verona captured. Patriots rising in northern Italy.

27. Potsdam and Genoa fall to the Allies. MUSSOLINI captured by Italian partisans while fleeing to Switzerland.

28. Rumoured offer by HIMMLER of "unconditional surrender" to Britain and America.

29. MUSSOLINI executed by partisans in Milan.

30. Second surrender offer by HIMMLER reported. Russian victory banner flies over Reichstag.

May.

1. Germans announce death of HITLER. Admiral DOENITZ becomes Fuehrer. Russians capture Brandenburg.

2. All enemy land, sea and air forces in Italy surrender. STALIN announces fall of Berlin.

3. Nazis abandon north Germany to Allies. Hamburg captured.

4. A million men in north-west Germany, Holland and Denmark surrender to Field Marshal MONTGOMERY.

6. Steps to final surrender, DOENITZ issues "stop fighting" order to all German ships. Capitulation of Norway reported signed.

SUPREME COURT ROLL

The following motion roll will be heard before Mr Justice Barry, the Judge President in the Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court today:

J. MILNE ; B.M. POULTNEY ; F.F. KNOESEN ; A.V. MARCHINGTON ; A.A. MANKIN ; Shares and Investments (Pty) Ltd

E.J. ODGERS ; F. ISSEROW ; A. LEVEN ; A.E. SEEDAT ; A. WEITZMANN ; PATEL and Ano v PATEL and Ano ; MYERS v D. LEVIN ; Pandora Products Ltd v V. General Supply Agencies (Pty) Ltd ; NURICK v ABRAMOWITZ ; Loots Cartage Co. v GLAVOVIC and Ano. ; SPIRES v SPIRES ; DIAMOND v DIAMOND ; HAMER v HAMER

BALSTER v BALSTER ; BAILEY v BAILEY ; BUTTON v BUTTON ; COLVILLE v COLVILLE ; CANNAL v CANNAL ; DREYER v DREYER ; FERREIRA v FERREIRA ; FRANCIS v FRANCIS ; HARTZENBERG v HARTZENBERG ; INGRAM v INGRAM ; JOUBERT v JOUBERT ; KIET v KIET ; LLOYD v LLOYD ; LUNDIE v LUNDIE ; MOLL v MOLL ; MOOI v MOOI ; NORTJE v NORTJE ; ROBERTSON v ROBERTSON ; J.M. STRYDOM v STRYDOM ; M.J. STRYDOM v STRYDOM ; SNOW v SNOW ; SCHROEDER v SCHROEDER ; SHEIK v SHEIK ; STOLLE v STOLLE ; SHERIFFS v SHERIFFS ; SEEGERS v SEEGERS ; VAN LEENHOF v VAN LEENHOF ; VAN DER MERWE v VAN DER MERWE ; VAN RENEN v VAN RENEN ; VAN DER WESTHUIZEN v VAN DER WESTHUIZEN ; WESSELS v WESSELS

RICKER v PASSMAN ; SALTZSTEIN v GADELEY ; H. TE WATER ; M. STERN and ORS ; V. THALLEND ; A.F. SKINNER ; Exors est. H. ROBINS ; H.M. ENGELBRECHT ; C. VAN ROOYEN ; C.A. OSHEA ; WOOD v WOOD ; DU TOIT v DU TOIT ; WILKINSON v WILKINSON ; LUDICK v LUDICK ; RIGHTON v RIGHTON ; GRAPENTHIN v GRAPENTHIN ; VAN DER MERWE v VAN DER MERWE; WILLIAMS v WOLMARANS ; KRUGER and Ano. v JOUBERT and Ano ; Est. C. SCOTT ; NAUDE v DERNIER

S.A. Ceramic Co. v S. RUSSEL and Ano. ; VAN ZYL v VAN ZYL ; DE SALDANHA v DE SALDANHA ; MORGAN v MORGAN ; SWANEPOEL v SWANEPOEL ; DE WET v DE WET ; BLOEM v BLOEM ; HORN v HORN ; HAMMOND v HAMMOND ; VENTER v VENTER ; ROBERTS v ROBERTS ; SHAW v SHAW ; VAN RENSBURG v VAN RENSBURG ; BROCKMAN v BROCKMAN ; SANDERSON-SMITH v SANDERSON-SMITH ; MAJOR v MAJOR ; J. VENTER v I. VENTER ; LUST v LUST ; BOUTCHER v BOUTCHER ; DHLAMINI v DHLAMINI ; SMIT v SMIT ; HAMMERSLEY v HAMMERSLEY ; MACPHERSON v MACPHERSON ; VAN NIEKERK v VAN NIEKERK ; HIRZEL v HIRZEL ; DE KLERK v DE KLERK ; LUDICK v LUDICK ; KINSMAN v KINSMAN ; STILES v STILES ; VAN DER WALT v VAN DER WALT ; MORTON v MORTON ; HILLS v HILLS; BISHOP v BISHOP ; DELPORT v DELPORT

M. Rose (Pty) Ltd v GARDELL ; SMITH v SMITH ; SCHAMROTH v SCHLUNZ ; Afrikaanse Pers v Restaurants Ltd ; ROSENBAUM v ROSENBAUM ; AVIS v Banque Commerciale Africaine ; GRIFFITHS v GRIFFITHS ; MELSON v SCHUILER ; SNOYMAN v KALISKY ; VAN HEERDEN v VAN HEERDEN ; ROSA v FRIEDMAN ; ROSA v HAMMON ; FRANKLIN v FRANKLIN ; SIMPSON v DANKS ; KIESER v KIESER ; MAVROMATI v Union Exploration Import (Pty) Ltd.

BIRTHS.

BIRNS. – To Doreen and Sam, a bonny Son and brother for Gladys, on May 7th, at Cottage Nursing Home, Brakpan.

FRIEDMAN. – To Shirley (nee HEPBURN), wife of Charles, a daughter at the Florence Nightingale, on the 7th.

KAY. – To Molly and Les, a bonny brother for Ann, on Sat., May 5th.

KUGEL. – To Dave and Rosie (nee SHER), a daughter, at home, on Sun., May 6th.

LLOYD. – To Victor and Phyllis (nee MITCHELL), a son on May 7, at the Braemar Nursing Home.

NASH. – To Lt-Col. and Mrs Joffre NASH (nee Joy MALHERBE), a son at Moederbond, on May 4.

NETTLE. – To Gren and Madge (nee BAILLIE), on May 5, a bonny daughter.

RIMMER. – To Doris and George, of 67, 6th Avenue, Northmead, Benoni, a son, on May 5.

ON ACTIVE SERVICE.

WALKER. – Walter John Stewart, aged 18 years, beloved younger son of James and Mary WALKER, of Modder B, killed in action in Italy, April 29, 1945, Requiem : All Saint's Church, Modder B, 8 a.m., to-day (Tue.)

DEATHS.

FERRARO. – Frank, passed away May 5. Remembered by his grandchildren Tony, Roy, Ivor, Pearle and daughter-in-law Martha.

HARTLEY. - Barbara Durand Sandiland, passed away May 2, at London, beloved mother of Charles S. (Sandy) HARTLEY. (By cable).

PLASKITT. – Leah Laura, passed away May 7, wife of Cpl Gilbert PLASKITT (in Italy).

WATERMAN. – John, passed away May 2, 1945, at his estate, "Sonop", Koelenhof Station, District Stellenbosch. Remembered by his friends.

FUNERAL NOTICES.

ANDERSON. – Michael Jacobus, aged 57 years, late of Firsy Ave., Kew, passed away on May 5th. The cortege will leave the Tabernacle, De Villiers Street, at 4 p.m. (service2.15 p.m.), to-day (Tues.), proceeding to the West Park Cemetery.

ARMSTRONG. – Matthew, late of 62 Sherwell St., Doornfontein, the funeral will leave Hobkirk's Funeral Chapel, 28 Wanderers St., this (Tues.) morning, at 11 o'clock, proceeding to the West Park Cemetery.

BENNETT. – Haughton, husband of Ellen of 120 Third Street, the funeral will leave Dove's Funeral Chapel, 28 First Street, Springs at 2 p.m., proceeding to the Springs Cemetery.

BERGH. – Adriaan Jacobus, aged 68 years, late of 119 Kitchener Ave., Bez. Valley, passed away on May 6. The cortege will leave from the D.R. Church, Eighth Ave., Bez. Valley, at 3 p.m. (service at 2.30 p.m.) to-day (Tue.), proceeding to the West Park Cemetery.

COLLINS. – The funeral of the late John Ralph COLLINS, late of 30 Cardigan Rd., Parkwood, will leave Hobkirk's Funeral Chapel, 26 Wanderers St., to-morrow (Wed.) afternoon at 2.45 o'clock, proceeding to the Braamfontein Crematorium.

DORAN. – The funeral of the late James DORAN will leave the Nazareth House Chapel, Harrow Road, Yeoville, this (Tue) afternoon, at 4 o'clock, proceeding to the West Park Cemetery.

DROVER. – F.F. (Sister), of 104 Galteemore St., Malvern, passed away on , passed away on Monday morning, May 7, beloved pal of Ida. Remembered by Katie, Ted, Cecil Belle and Agnes. The funeral will leave David D. Cooks' funeral Chapel, 63 Noord St., Johannesburg, to-day (Tue.) after a service commencing at 3 p.m. for Boksburg Cemetery.

EVENNETT. – The funeral of the late Hugo EVENNETT, of 3 Mount Manor, Hospital Hill, will leave Dove's Funeral Chapel, 28 Wanderers St., at a time to be announced.

FLINT. – The funeral of the late Edmund Cox FLINT, late of 56 Oaklands Rd., Orchards, will leave Hobkirk's Funeral Chapel, 26 Wanderers Street, to-day (Tue.,) 1.45 p.m., proceeding to the Braanfontein Crematorium.

GOODFRIEND. – The funeral of the Rev. Father Xavier GOODFRIEND, O.M.I., will leave the Catholic Pro-Cathedral, Kerk St., this (Tue.) morning, for the Braamfontein Cemetery. Office for the dead at 9.30 o'clock. Requiem mass at 10 o'clock.

HAMPTON. – The funeral of the late Thomas HAMPTON, late of Simmer and Jack Goldmine Ltd, and Kensington Polytechnic Bowling Club, and of 126 Nottingham Rd, Kensington, will leave Hobkirk's Funeral Chapel, 26 Wanderers Street, to-day (Tue) at 2.45 p.m. proceeding to Braamfontein Crematorium.

JOHNSTONE. – The funeral of James Telberg (9 mths), infant son of Mr and Mrs T. J. JOHNSTONE, of Rietfontein Rd., Comet Township, Boksburg North, will leave the residence to-day (Tue), after a service commencing at 1.45 p.m. for Boksburg Cemetery.

KING, - Dan Peddie, age 75, husband of Florence, of 111 Northdean Ave, Brakpan, formerly of Brakpan Mines and Far East Rand Hospital. The funeral will leave our funeral Chapel, 370 Prince George Ave, Brakpan, to-day (Tue), after a service commencing at 3.30 p.m., for cremation at the Brakpan Crematorium.

KING. – The funeral of the late Aletta KING, wife of Mr G. KING (R.A.F.), Baragwanath Hospital, will leave Dove's Funeral Chapel, 28 Wanderers Street, this (Tue) morning, at 10.30 o'clock, proceeding to the West Park Cemetery,

LAMMERS. – At Pretoria May 6th, Adriaanus, aged 73 years, husband of Mrs A. LAMMERS, father of Frans and Sus. The cremation will take place at the Braanfontein Crematorium, at 11 a.m. to-day (Tue).

MARKEY. – the funeral of the late Thomas MARKEY, of the M.P.C., will leave Dove's Funeral Chapel, 28 Wanderers St, this (Tue) afternoon at 3 o'clock, proceeding to the Brixton Cemetery.

McELNEA. – The funeral of Frederick Harvey (Eric), 39 years, late of New Married Quarters, East Rand, husband of Ida, father of Maureen and Derrick (ex Tvl. Scottish), will leave Our Funeral Chapel, 91 Commisioner Street, Boksburg, to-day (Tue.) after a service commencing at 3.45 p.m. for Boksburg Cemetery.

MEINTJES. – The funeral of Engela G. M. MEINTJES, of 467 Marshall St., Belgravia, will lrave the D.R. Church, Corrie St., Fairview, to-day (Tue), after a service commencing at 2 p.m., for Brixton Cemetery.

PATON. – Passed away on May 6, at 46 Raleigh St., Yeoville, Margaret Knox, widow of David Moi PATON, and mother of May and Tom. The funeral will leave Our Chapel, 62 Noord St., to-morrow (Wed) at 3 p.m. for the Brixton Cemetery.

RAY.- The funeral of the Late William Christian RAY, of Hotel Cecil and Neil Kleinfontein Mine, Benoni, will leave Dove's Funeral Chapel, 76 Carnbaurne Ave., Benoni, this (Tue) afternoon at 4 o'clock, to the Benoni Cemetery.

TROSEE. – Passed away at Germiston on May 5, Frank Angus TROSEE, of 28 Trimula Rd., Primrose, Germiston, husband of Maggie. The cortege will leave the D.R. Church, Primrose, to-day (Tue.), after a service commencing at 2 p.m. proceeding to Primrose Cemetery.

VERMAAS. – The W.O.R. Master of the Boksburg Lodge, No 2480 EC, requests the brethren to attend the funeral of the W.O.R. Bro H.J. VERMAAS.

WARBURTON. – At Pretoria on May 5, Charles Henry WARBURTON, age 76. The funeral will leave Roger's Parlour at 2.15 p.m. to-day (Tue.).

WILLEMSE. – The funeral of the late Willem Hendrik WILLEMSE, of 45 Kruger St., Potchefstroom, will leave Dove's Funeral Chapel, 28 Wanderers St., this Tue. Morning at 11 o'clock, proceeding to the West Park Cemetery.

IN MEMORIAM.

MAINPRIZE, - In memory of our sons, John Leonard MAINPRIZE, B.V.S.C., accidentally killed at Sinoia, South Rhodesia, May 12, 1940; Lieut. Thomas Dennis, 60th Squadron S.A.A.F., killed in air battle over Sidi Barrani, May 8, 1942. Remembered by Mom and Dad.