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The 1820 Settler Correspondence
 as preserved in the National Archives, Kew
 and edited by Sue Mackay

Additonal Information

This is pre 1820 information mainly taken from actual images of UK parish registers and other primary sources which I have personally researched. Further information about the settlers and their families once they reached the Cape can be found at

Sue Mackay

CRAUSE, Henry - Extra Data


(member of BAILIE's Party) 

Brother of Charles Steel CRAUSE, John Anthony CRAUSE, Mary Ann CRAUSE and Amelia BAILIE (nee CRAUSE)


From "Bailie's Party of 1820 Settlers" by M.D. Nash

Henry Augustus CRAUSE (1790-1857), Captain, 2nd Garrison Battalion (half pay). He was the second son of Charles CRAUSE of Spring Grove and Manor House, Pembury, Kent, formerly Captain 65th Regiment of Foot. Henry CRAUSE was commissioned as Lieutenant 20th Regiment of Foot in 1807 and Captain 2nd Garrison Battalion in 1813. He was placed on half pay in October 1816.


Wiltshire FHS Marriage Index


Charles CRUSE [sic] married Jane HULBERT in St.Mary's, Lydiard Tregoze, Wiltshire on 17 January 1735 (grandparents of the settler siblings)


Wiltshire and Swindon Borough Council Record Office


Charles son of Mr. Charles CRUSE [sic] baptised 6 May 1740 in St.Bartholomew and All Saints, Wootton Bassett, Wiltshire [father of the settler siblings]


Oxfordshire Family History Society


Charles CRUSE of Greenhill in the Parish of Wootton Bassett and Mary DAVEY of this Parish were married by Licence on the 4th May 1778 in the Abbey Church of St.Peter and St.Paul, Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.

Both signed

Witnesses: Vinc't GOSFORDand Elizabeth MOULDEN


Charles CRAUSE Senior was a Captain in the 65th Regiment of Foot. Latterly he lived at Spring Grove in Redwings Lane, Pembury, Kent, and several of his children were baptised in St.Peter's, Pembury.


Children of Charles and Mary CRAUSE:

Amelia born 28 February 1782.  Privately baptised  and registered with siblings 1 August 1799 in St.Peter, Pembury, Kent. [married John BAILIE]

Charles Steel, son of Charles and Mary CROSSE [sic] baptised 24 December 1873 in All Saints, Fornham, Suffolk.

William baptised 15 March 1784 "William son of Charles and Mary CRUSE was born [R.C]." in St.Bartholomew and All Saints, Wootton Bassett, Wiltshire.

Charlotte privately baptised and registered 20 April 1787 at St.Peter, Pembury, Kent.

Henry Augustus born ca 1790/91. Privately baptised  and registered with siblings 1 August 1799 in St.Peter, Pembury, Kent. He died on 15 March 1857 in Brixton, Surrey, aged 66.

John Anthony privately baptised  as John and registered 5 February 1793 at St.Peter, Pembury, Kent

Julia privately baptised and registered 24 June 1798 at St.Peter, Pembury, Kent.

Henrietta privately baptised  and registered with siblings 1 August 1799 in St.Peter, Pembury, Kent.

There was also a Mary Anne (see correspondence), believed to have been born in Dublin.


National Archives, London


RG4/4391 Register of Burials at Elim Baptist Chapel, Fetter Lane, London.

Charles CRAUSE, aged 63, of the Parish of Liberty of the Rolls, was buried in this chapel on 15 May 1802.


1851 Census Prospect Lodge, Holland Road, Lambeth


Henry CRAUSE Head 61 Captain and Brevet Major Army Unattached   Born Kent

Helen CRAUSE Wife 57   Born Bermuda

Charles CRAUSE Brother 65 1st Lieutenant Royal Marines  Born Suffolk


London Metropolitan Archives


Henry CRAUSE, 62, widower, married Fanny Gayton HARRIS, 42, spinster, on 20 May 1856 in St.John's, Brixton, Surrey.

Both signed

Witnesses: Chas. CRAUSE and Marian [HAYHURST]


Henry CRAUSE died on 15 March 1857 in Brixton, Surrey.


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