BAILIE, John, 1820 Settler

National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 249

44 Parliament Street

27 July 1819

Mr. BAILIE presents his compliments to Mr. HUSKISSON and takes the liberty of transmitting to him a memorandum he has drawn up on the late Circular for colonizing the Cape  - Much more might be said on this subject – Mr. BAILIE begs to remind Mr. HUSKISSON of his kind promise to introduce him to Mr. GOULBURN's notice

251-255 (Memorandum)

Government formerly allowed tonnage to persons who would take out at least ten Settlers to the Cape of Good Hope, and one hundred acres of land per head, but this land was granted to the speculator and not each individual settler.  These poor creatures were completely his victims, for he indented them, and on their arrival at the Cape sold them for different periods according to their ability, to the Cape Boors – so true is this, that at the present day, if any one ask the history of such or such a man, the answer is “he is (or was) one of such “a mans guineamen” and during this period of their servitude they are here nominated “White Negroes”

It would be highly improper, by enforcing the second paragraph of the Circular to openly countenance this white slave trade, for it is neither more nor less. No man of property in his senses would think of taking out ten or more people at his own risk unless he indented them before he left England, and could turn them to the best account, for the moment the settlers reached the Colony they would there hear the high price of labour and would not then sign so bad a bargain. To prevent all idea of this disgraceful traffic I beseech Government in the name of humanity to withdraw this condition and to receive individual offers whether from fathers of families or single men. The superintendent and surveyor at the Colony have only to locate the settlers in such situations as will admit of their forming villages, and point out to them to them where they are to build so as to be near enough to assist one another or work together in joint stock if they thought proper. Such superintendent should also take care that each village might contain artisans of different trades. Much advantage would be derived to the Colony and to the Colonists by making Government the Landowner and Director of the whole machine, and giving confidence to the Settlers by ensuring the stability of the enterprize which then be placed out of the dominance or the caprice of any individual, and prevent all fears and heart burnings.  Should Parishes send out Paupers it seems to me to be the duty of Government to furnish them with a list of the necessaries with which they are to provide these poor people, and to enforce with great rigour the payment of the deposit and a small sum besides for stock, I should think equal to the deposit and allow the Parish superintendent to accompany the Paupers only till they were embarked, when having placed them in the hands of Government his task would be completed.  I cannot conceive of a greater scene of  confusion and uproar than would ensue on board a Vessel which might by any chance carry four or five draughts from different Parishes each headed by a different superintendent, and all of them going to sea for the first time in their lives.

The last Paragraph seems to have been drawn up by some person who was perfectly aware of the abominable system of indenture, or else why not survey and apportion out the land to each settler as soon as he arrives?  Why wait three years unless with a view to give time for the period of indented servitude to expire?  They hold out in terrorem the forfeiture of the land unless brought into cultivation within a given number of years?  This can only have been written with a view to drive the speculator into the utmost rigour in his power to enforce, for the purpose of grinding all the labour possible from his white slaves, in order to complete a certain cultivation within a given time. –

            As this emigration is to be purely voluntary, and indeed a favor, I may say to many a blessing, I would entreat Government to enforce forfeiture only for gross misconduct, on abandonment of the land.  Government will find every one anxious bring to their land into cultivation in as short a time as possible.

            If I might be allowed to advise, I should recommend Government to make known immediately what are the articles that will not be allowed to be cultivated or to be traded in, and tables of all the duty imposed or likely to be so and leave the rest to evaluation and spirit of enterprise. It would be well also to make known to the public to what extent the emigration to the Cape will be allowed. The nation is at this moment bent on emigrating and the more respectable people that are allowed to go to the Cape in the outset, the better in the first place to be enabled to commence operations with people easy to be governed, and whose example will lead the lower orders, and in the second place because the paupers will always easily be found in any quantity Government may think proper to send out.  Another reason why it would be well to begin with respectable people is, that more or less they all posses some capital, and that being once prepared for quitting the Country or as is commonly said, “having make their minds up to it” rather than not leave it, they will emigrate to the United States of America and ridiculous as the attempt may at present appear, many will go with their family to the Venezuelan provinces, particularly from Ireland, and many certainly will go to the river of Plate. There never was a period in our history when the mania for emigration was at so great a height.  I can assure Government that I have many proofs before me that it is not from a mere “truant disposition” and that the lower orders are not perhaps the most unfortunate not the most to be pitied.

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 349/350

11 August 1819

7 Manchester Buildings

Westminster

My Lord,

I have the honour to beg your Lordship's attention to a numerous class of individuals who generally do not possess the means of complying with the circular issued by your Lordship, by taking upon themselves the charge and maintenance of ten or more people, but whose capital, though in many instances small, is quite adequate to insure to His Majesty's Government the certainty of their not becoming a burthen to the Colony at the Cape of Good Hope.

From a mass of about six hundred persons of the above description who have applied to me I have been careful in selecting such only whose general character was good, whose habits were likely to render them useful in an infant Colony and whose capital was such as to guard against the possibilities of their families, in the event of the head's dying, becoming a charge upon the Colonists.

The compact we have made, binding us to a certain period of mutual assistance, the mass of mechanical skill and industry, as well as knowledge of agriculture, centred in our body, hold out to us, individually, hopes of speedy comfort and, collectively, an early prospect of promoting the prosperity of our native country, which will ever be the object dearest to an Englishman.

We are 115 men, our collective number in family is 390 and the aggregate amount of our capital is near as can be ascertained £18,610.

I hope your Lordship will favourably consider the proposal. I have the honour to submit to be allowed to colonize at the Cape of Good Hope in whatever district His Majesty's Government may have selected, under the advantages held out in the different official circulars.

Should this proposal have the good fortune to be approved by your Lordship I would beg to be favoured with as early an answer as may be convenient, that we may be enabled to commence our preparations with as little delay as possible.

I have the honour to be with great respect

Your Lordship's most obedient humble servant

John BAILIE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 352

Name

Age

Total in
Family

Trade

CLEMENT, Charles

30

6

Farmer

MASKRILL, W.E.

21

1

Whitesmith

SALMON, Robert Jones

19

1

Carpenter

EDMONDS, Peter Rich'd

19

1

Seaman

KIMBLE, Jos'h

40

4

Farmer

BUSH

30

4

Grazier

FORBES, William

28

6

Shoemaker

ROWLES, John

29

4

Farmer

YOUNG, Stephen

52

5

Tanner Currier

IZARD

40

5

Farmer

BAILIE, John

31

10

 

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 353-358

No.

Names

Ages

Total No.
in Family

1

BISHOP, John

50

 
 

Maria, his wife

32

 
 

John

17

 
 

James

16

 
 

Caroline

2

 
 

Jane THOMAS, servant

19

6

2

THOMAS, James

28

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

31

 
 

Mary

1

3

3

THOMAS, John

21

 
 

Mary, his wife

20

 
 

Mary

1

3

4

BAKER, John Martin

26

 
 

Ann, his wife

21

 
 

Charles

1

3

5

ADAMS, Thos. Price

39

 
 

Mary, his wife

30

 
 

Mary Price

4

 
 

Fanny

1

4

6

HUMPHREYS, David

29

 
 

Sarah, his wife

32

 
 

James

3

 
 

Henry

1

4

7

STONE, Robert

27

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

24

 
 

James

3

 
 

Charles

1

4

8

ROWLES, John

29

 
 

Sarah, his wife

27

 
 

Amelia

3

 
 

John

1

4

9

HOCKLY, Daniel

32

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

29

 
 

Daniel

6

 
 

Elizabeth

4

 
 

Harriet

3

5

10

KILBY, Thomas

28

 
 

Emma, his wife

29

 
 

Samuel

7

 
 

Sarah

5

 
 

Christophine

4

 
 

Emma

2

6

11

CHACE, John Centlivre

24

 
 

Arabella, his wife

20

 
 

Louisa

1

3

12

CLIFFORD, William

24

 
 

Martha, his wife

22

2

13

JUBBER, James Adams

33

 
 

Eliza, his wife

24

 
 

James

2

3

14

GOODWIN, John

46

 
 

Mary Ann, his wife

40

 
 

Mary Ann

14

 
 

John Francis

12

 
 

Henry Samuel

10

5

15

FORD, James Edward

50

 
 

Frances, his wife

40

 
 

Frances Jane

14

 
 

James Samuel

13

 
 

George Henry

11

 
 

Edward

9

 
 

Adelaide Elizabeth

7

 
 

Jean Murray

5

 
 

John Henry

3

 
 

Sarah STLLWELL

23

10

16

Henry CRAUSE

29

 
 

Helen, his wife

28

 
 

Charles

5

3

17

SIMS, John

23

 
 

Sarah, his wife

23

 
 

Charles

5

 
 

John

3

4

18

IZARD, Joseph

38

 
 

Catherine, his wife

40

 
 

Jane

17

 
 

Henry

12

4

19

BURGIE, Andrew

25

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

23

2

20

FORBES, William

28

 
 

Charlotte, his wife

24

 
 

Ann

6

 
 

Charlotte

5

 
 

Mary

2

 
 

Ann NIXON

45

6

21

MEESON, Edward

43

 
 

Eliza, his wife

38

 
 

Edward

13

 
 

Alfred

11

 
 

Richard

9

 
 

John

7

 
 

Henry

5

 
 

Eliza

1

8

22

YOUNG, Stephen

50

 
 

Mary, his wife

47

 
 

Mary

18

 
 

Stephen

14

 
 

Elizabeth

11

5

23

FRANZ, Christopher

29

 
 

Ann, his wife

25

 
 

Ann

7

 
 

Helen

4

4

24

HOWELL, Samuel

33

 
 

Ann, his wife

32

 
 

Ann Lake

7

 
 

Catherine

5

 
 

Owen

3

 
 

Josephine

2

6

25

FLANNEGAN, Timothy

39

 
 

Mary, his wife

41

 
 

Mary Ann

14

 
 

James Frederick

9

 
 

Arthur Stephen

7

 
 

Elizabeth

2

6

26

STRINGFELLOW, Thomas

30

 
 

Ann, his wife

30

 
 

Ann

5

 
 

Mary Ann

3

 
 

Sarah

1

5

27

WORLEDGE, Thomas

23

 
 

Jane, his wife

21

 
 

Sarah

1

 
 

Ann WOOD, his mother

42

4

28

LOVEMORE, Henry

35

 
 

Ann, his wife

29

 
 

Eliza

14

 
 

Robert

6

 
 

Henry

5

 
 

Ann

3

 
 

Maria

2

 
 

Ann REMNANT

45

8

29

O'FLINN, Daniel

27

 
 

Margaret, his wife

28

2

30

HEATH, John

26

 
 

Maria, his wife

23

 
 

John

2

3

31

ANDERSON, George

48

 
 

Isabella, his wife

45

 
 

Benjamin

14

 
 

Isabella

8

4

32

JEFFRIES, Joseph

28

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

30

 
 

Eliza

7

 
 

James

2

4

33

HARDEN, William

25

 
 

Maria, his wife

24

 
 

Jane

3

 
 

Maria

2

4

34

LEE, Henry

30

 
 

Charlotte, his wife

29

 
 

Alfred

7

 
 

Matilda

5

 
 

George

2

5

35

GOSHAM, Mathew

34

 
 

Harriet, his wife

38

 
 

Thomas

13

 
 

Alfred

5

 
 

Harriet

4

5

36

HUNTER, John

27

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

23

 
 

Anna

2

3

37

SMITH, James

43

 
 

Jane, his wife

39

 
 

John James

15

 
 

William Sydney

13

 
 

Harriet

11

 
 

Frederic

8

 
 

William Zachary

6

 
 

Charles

5

 
 

Mary Jane

3

 
 

Rosina

2

 
 

Alfred

1

11

38

HARRISON, William

30

 
 

Ann, his wife

30

 
 

Thomas

13

 
 

George

2

4

39

HART, William

46

 
 

Jane, his wife

36

 
 

Elizabeth

17

 
 

William

15

 
 

Henry

12

 
 

Samuel

8

 
 

Charles

7

 
 

Emily

1

8

40

COWPER, William Devereux

21

 
 

Henry

13

 
 

James

10

3

41

REED, William

40

 
 

Eliza, his wife

38

 
 

Eliza

20

 
 

Charles

11

 
 

Louisa

9

 
 

James

7

 
 

George

1

7

42

GODLONTON, Robert

25

 
 

Mary Ann, his wife

27

 
 

William HEX

17

 

Mary Ann

3

4

43

MUNRO, Alexander

44

 
 

Margaret, his wife

43

 
 

William

18

 
 

James

16

 
 

Margaret

14

 
 

Hugh

12

 
 

Jane

10

 
 

Charles

6

 
 

John

4

 
 

Mary Ann

2

10

44

REYNOLDS, James

55

 
 

Mary Ann, his wife

31

 
 

William

8

 
 

Joshua

3

4

45

KITE, Joseph

33

 
 

Sarah, his wife

31

 
 

Mary

14

 
 

James

13

4

46

MARILLIER, Philip Richard

27

1

47

PORTER, Edward

21

1

48

KING, George

32

1

49

BIDDULPH, Simon

50

 
 

Anne, his wife

48

 
 

Charlotte

26

 
 

William

13

 

50

HASSELL, Frederic

36

 
 

Louisa, his wife

26

2

51

MACFARLANE, James

40

1

52

MACFARLANE, James

21

1

53

PALMER, William

22

1

54

MACDONOUGH, John

35

1

55

KING, Richard

29

1

56

ANDERSON, Robert

26

1

57

ANDERSON, George

24

1

58

ANDERSON, William

21

1

59

MATTHEWS, Benjamin

25

1

60

TAYLOR, John

28

1

61

RANDALL, Chas.

40

1

62

RANDALL, James

20

1

63

REED, William

23

1

64

REED, Edward

21

1

65

REED, Henry

20

1

66

GARLAND, Joseph

44

1

67

MESNARD, Alexander

30

1

68

SARTINE, John

45

1

69

LEWIS, Lawrence

20

1

70

MACKRELL, William Edward

21

1

71

SALMON, Robert Jones

20

1

72

CRAWFORD, William

34

1

73

BUCHANAN, William

22

1

74

BIDDULPH, George

22

1

75

BIDDULPH, John

21

1

76

BIDDULPH, Henry

20

1

77

ROWLANDSON, John

30

1

78

WILKINSON, George

20

1

79

NELSON, Matthew

28

 
 

Elizabeth, his wife

32

 
 

Harriett

11

 
 

William

6

 
 

Elizabeth

2

5

80

LAW, James

28

1

81

TIBBS, Hawkins

22

1

82

WEST, John

30

 
 

Mary, his wife

30

 
 

Elizabeth

6

 
 

Mary

3

4

83

HAYWOOD, William

27

 
 

Mary, his wife

26

 
 

William

7

 
 

Mary

3

 
 

John

2

5

84

WIFFEN, William

29

1

85

GAYWOOD, William

25

1

86

WEBB, William

27

1

87

HUFFEY, John

28

1

88

HOW, John

27

 
 

Eliza, his wife

26

 
 

John

4

3

89

ORAM, Henry

26

 
 

Hannah, his wife

26

 
 

Sarah

8

 
 

Henry

6

 
 

Mary

4

 
 

Fanny

2

6

90

WILSON, John

29

 
 

Harriett, his wife

25

 
 

Harriett

1

3

91

MILES, Richard

20

1

92

FIGHT, Michael

19

1

93

SMITH, Edward

24

1

94

SMITH, John

31

 
 

Mary, his wife

29

 
 

John

13

 
 

Jane

10

4

95

SMITH, Thomas

18

1

96

BAILIE, John

31

 
 

Amelia, his wife

27

 
 

Anne, his mother

52

 
 

Charles Theodore

9

 
 

Archibald Hope

7

 
 

Thomas Cockburn

6

 
 

John

4

 
 

Maurice

3

 
 

Rose KING, servant

25

9

   

TOTAL

302

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 359/360

Name

Age

Total No.
in Family

Trade

BAKER, John Martin

26

3

Stone Mason & Brickmaker

ROSE, John

27

1

Salesman

FARRANT, Joseph

42

6

Corn Dealer

GOSHAM, Matthew

24

5

Distiller

PORTER, Edward

21

1

Shoemaker

CRAUSE, Henry

29

3

Captain on Half Pay

MUNRO, Alexander

44

10

Retired Officer

ROWE, Thos.

36

4

Linen Draper

KING, George

32

1

Half Pay Officer

KNOX, John

48

3

Watchmaker

CRAWFORD, William

34

1

Surgical Instr. Maker

THOMPSON, Thos.

42

6

Gardener

ADAMS, Thos. Price

39

5

Wine Merchant

HOLDITCH, Robert

30

4

Surgeon

BUCHANAN, William

22

1

Engineer

MACFARLANE, James

40

1

Smith & Brazier

CAUSDALE, William

34

6

Malster

READ, Thomas

25

2

Farmer

KITE, Joseph

33

4

Farmer

EVANS, John

40

2

Smith & Brazier

ROBERTS, John

44

5

Wheelwright

MACFARLANE, James

20

1

Smith & Brazier

PALMER, William

22

1

Smith &c

HART, William

46

4

Half Pay Officer

WORLERIDGE, Thomas

23

4

Tailor

SPERRY, George

33

6

Carpenter General

CAHILL, Thomas

30

2

Sail Maker

KINGHAM, Joseph

30

3

Farmer

BISHOP, John

50

6

Ship Builder

TATHAM, William

21

2

Tin Plate Worker

FRITH, John

28

3

Carpenter

SHEWRING, Ambrose

52

5

Gardener

HAYES, George

35

8

Wine & Spirit Merchant

LOVEMORE, Henry

35

8

Wine & Spirit Merchant

CLARKE, William

25

2

Surgeon

HEWSON, Thomas

42

6

Gunmaker

BEDWICK, William

20

2

Gardener

MACDONOUGH, John

35

1

Grazier

KING, Richard

29

1

Gardener

FRANTZ, Christopher

29

5

Vine Dresser

STRINGFELLOW, Thomas

35

5

Printer

GODLONTON, Robert

25

3

Printer

PAINTER, Richard

37

6

Gardener

WARD, Benjamin

38

4

Farmer

LEWIS, Lawrence

20

1

Bookbinder

BANKS, Richard

42

4

Gardener

HOWELL, William

28

3

Farmer

KILBY, Thomas

27

6

Gardener

ANDERSON, George

45

4

Cabinet Maker

ANDERSON, Robert

26

1

Cabinet Maker

ANDERSON, George

24

1

Cabinet Maker

ANDERSON, William

20

1

Cabinet Maker

HEATH, John

26

3

Gardener

LEE, Henry

28

5

Farmer and Butcher

DARIEN, Henry Joseph

24

3

Carpenter

TAYLOR, John

45

2

Butcher

TAYLOR, John

28

1

Butcher

SMITH, James

45

11

Farmer

MATTHEWS, Benjamin

25

1

Farmer

CAMBRAGE, Mark

24

1

Farmer

SALTER, John

27

3

Carpenter

HUNTER, John

27

3

Baker and Mealman

RAVEN, Henry

42

7

Brewer and Malster

CHASTNEY, Thomas

34

2

Farmer

GARLAND, Joseph

44

1

Ship Carpenter, Pensioner of Govt.

REYNOLDS, James

55

4

Farmer

ROWLANDSON, John

30

1

Farmer

HARDING, John

39

3

Farmer

JEFFRIES, Joseph

28

4

Chairmaker

EAST, Philip

32

3

Shoemaker

HARDEN, William

25

4

Cabinet Maker

HOGG, George

38

5

Plumber

CHARLTON, Thomas

28

2

Carpenter and Joiner

HARRISON, William

28

3

Farmer & Miller

HOWELL, Samuel

33

7

Farmer and Schoolmaster

FLANNAGAN, Timothy

38

6

Gunsmith

CLIFFORD, William

24

2

Gardener

HOARE, George

24

1

Carpenter

HARRISON, William No.2

28

3

Land Surveyor

MESNARD, Alexander

30

1

Gardener

SARTINE, John

45

1

Cabinet Maker

MACLEOD, William

29

2

Carpenter

MEESON, Edward

43

8

Farmer

CHURCH, James

25

1

Seaman

COWPER, Wm. Devereux

21

3

Farmer & Corn Dealer

CONELLY, Andrew

29

2

Linen Draper

GREEN, William

36

2

Bookseller

REED, William Jun

41

8

Farmer

CHACE, John C.

24

3

General Merchant

GOODMAN, John

47

5

Grazier

MITCHELL, William

50

2

Farmer

PORTER, Nelson

19

1

Gardener

WALKER, John

20

1

Apothecary

ORAM, Benjamin

60

1

Brazier

HERBERT, Henry

24

1

Gunmaker

HASSEL, J.H.F.

39

3

Surgeon

FORD, James Edward

50

10

Woolstapler

MARELLIER, Philip

(an Englishman)

24

1

Grazier

ROBERTS, ___

23

1

Surgeon

SIMS, John

23

5

Farmer

HOCKLY, Daniel

32

5

General Merchant

HOWE, Robert

29

4

Carpenter and Joiner

JONES, Thomas

20

2

Farmer

HUMPHREYS, David

29

4

Carpenter and Joiner

THOMAS, James

28

4

Carpenter & Cabinetmaker

THOMAS, John

21

3

Carpenter & Cabinetmaker

JUBBER, James

33

3

Rigger

BURGIE, Andrew

25

2

Seaman

BIGGAR, Alexander

38

10

Farmer

RANDALL, Charles

40

1

Farmer & Grazier

RANDALL, James

18

1

Farmer & Grazier

REED, William

22

1

Farmer

REED, Henry

19

1

Farmer

REED, Edward

20

1

Farmer

GUNNING, Burton

42

2

Hatter

LITTLETON, Edward

40

5

Tailor

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 361/362

Committee Room

Globe Tavern

Fleet Street

11th August 1819

Sir,

We have the honour to acquaint you that at a meeting which took place at the Crown and Anchor on the 9th inst we were selected to form a committee for the purpose of collecting and distributing such information on the subject of the projected colonization to the Cape of Good Hope as might tend generally to satisfy the minds of those persons who are eager to avail themselves of the benevolent intentions of the Government.

To be enabled to fulfil the trust reposed in us we shall be under the necessity of troubling you with queries. It will be our duty to intrude as little as possible on your valuable time.

In order to facilitate our labours we request you will do us the favor to transmit to us a series of those circulars which have been issued from the Colonial Department relative to this Colonization.

We take the liberty of submitting to you that, from the confidence that has been placed in us by a very numerous and respectable meeting, which no one of us was instrumental in calling together, we may be the means of relieving your Department from a very laborious and irksome duty by acting as a medium between you and the persons in this metropolis desirous of information.

It is unnecessary at present to obtrude farther on your attention. We shall therefore conclude by bespeaking your future kind consideration of any enquiries which we may feel it necessary to make and which may not be satisfactorily answered by the documents for which we have applied.

We have the honour to be with great respect

Sir, your most obedient humble servants

John BAILIE

Dan'l BARUK MD

Jn. Fdk. ELLIOTT

John MANDY

John BEACALL

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 397

7 Manchester Buildings

Westminster

17th August 1819

My Lord

I have the honour to transmit for your Lordship's information a list of the persons comprised in the proposals I submitted to you on the 11th instant. My letter mentioned only 115 men, the accompanying list contains 126. I take the liberty of leaving it to your Lordship to remove from the list such persons as you may deem objectionable on any grounds. I have the honour to be with great respect

My Lord

Your Lordship's most obed't humble servant

John BAILIE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 435

7 Manchester Buildings

Westminster

25th August 1819

My Lord,

I have the honour to transmit to your Lordship an amended list of my party made out in conformity to the directions conveyed to me by Mr. GOULBURN's letter of the 18th inst.

I beg to assure your Lordship that we are ready to conform ourselves to all the conditions upon which His Majesty's Government have offered to grant lands in the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope.

It may be proper that I should state to your Lordship that seventeen of the persons in the list (no.79 to 95 inclusive) are labourers who are intended and are willing to be taken out at the joint expense of the others.

I have the honour to be with great respect My Lord

Your Lordship's most obedient humble servant

John BAILIE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 594

7 Manchester Buildings

Westminster

7th October 1819

Sir,

I have been honoured with your letter of the 30th ult conveying to me Earl BATHURST's permission to proceed to the Cape of Good Hope with one hundred able bodied settlers and their families. From the despatch with which I thought it was necessary to return my list with the details required in your letter of 18th August last I was not enabled to collect the statements of the whole party, thirty of whom were consequently left out in the second list which I had the honour to transmit to you on the 25th August, on which you have grounded the acceptance of my proposal.

I therefore intrude on your goodness in behalf of the persons thus omitted, not from any fault of their own, and request to be allowed to add their names, thirty in number, to the list for which you have already done me the favour to accept of my proposals.

I have the honour to be Sir

Your most obedient humble servant

John BAILIE

638

7 Manchester Buildings

Westminster

16th October 1819

Sir,

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 14th instant conveying to me Earl Bathurst's opinion that I should provide adequate medical attendance for the large proportion of individuals composing my party during the voyage and directing me to state to you the measures which I might adopt for that purpose. Fully impressed with the importance of Earl Bathurst's suggestion I have the honour to acquaint you that I have engaged Daniel O'FLINN, Physician and Surgeon, and Edward ROBERTS, Surgeon, to accompany my party in their professional capacity, should it meet your approbation. From my personal acquaintance with Mr. O'FLINN I am enabled to bear testimony to his humanity, and the testimonials which he can produce will I trust be found unexceptionable. Mr. ROBERTS is a pupil of Mr. HAY of Leeds and is a member of the Royal College of Surgeons.

In reference to the concluding paragraph of your letter I beg leave to state that the delay in transmitting my return is occasioned by the distance of the residences of my numerous country settlers but I trust I shall be enabled to complete them on the 18th instant.

I have the honour to be Sir, your most ob't humble servant

John BAILIE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 654

7 Manchester Buildings

Westminster

21st October 1819

My Lord

I have the honour to transmit to your Lordship the return of my party as required by Mr. GOULBURN's letter of the 30th ultimo.

The deposit money amounting to £1230 is ready to be paid whenever your Lordship may honour me with your commands to that effect.

In the selection of my settlers I have been particularly attentive to character as well as ability and have assembled artisans of nearly every description besides thirty farmers.

I have also the honour to transmit for your Lordship's information copies of the articles of agreement between myself and the persons comprising my party, which I hope will meet your approbation.

I have the honour to be with great respect My Lord

Your Lordship's most obedient humble servant

John BAILIE

 

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National Archives, Kew CO48/41, 746

Chapman Transport

Downs

9 Dec 1819

Sir,

I have the honour to transmit for your information a list of persons who have requested to be allowed to land. They have suffered so severely from seasickness that I did not think it adviseable to detain them. I have been enabled to land with them only a part of their baggage; the remainder will be returned to England from the Cape of Good Hope at their own expense, with their deposit money.

I have the honour to be with great respect Sir

Your most obedient humble servant

John BAILIE

1 John SIMS, wife and two children

2 Thos. MEAD

3 Mathew ADAMS

4 Wm. HOGARTH

Joseph GOODES has been obliged to join us at the Cape with Mr. LOVEMORE's family in the Northampton

 

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BAILIE, John - Articles of Agreement

Articles of Agreement made this 6th day of October, 1819, between John BAILIE, of Manchester Buildings, Westminster, in the County of Middlesex, Esq., of the one part and the several other Persons who names are hereunder written of the other part.

Whereas the said John BAILIE hath proposed to the Government of Great Britain, to take a party of One Hundred able-bodied Settlers with their Families to the Cape of Good Hope. And whereas, His Majesty's Government have accepted of such proposal of the said John BAILIE, and propose and intend to make to the said John BAILIE, a Grant of Land, to be assigned to him on his arrival at the said Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, in conformity with the regulations laid down by his Majesty's Government. And, whereas, the several Persons whose hands and names are hereunder written, have severally and respectively agreed to and with the said John BAILIE, to proceed with him to the said intended Settlement in the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, upon the terms, conditions, and stipulations, hereinafter expressed and contained:

I.

That he, the said John BAILIE, his Heirs, Executors, or Administrators, shall and will distribute to each of the undersigned Persons, parties hereto of the second part, their Wives or Children, an allotment of Land of the measurements of Fifty Acres, & being part of the grant or grants of land which he the said John BAILIE shall or may receive from His Majesty's Government, such several allotments to be subject to a proportional shares of the Quitrent, Taxes, and other charges to be imposed or to be imposed thereon by His Majesty's Government for the time being of the said Colony. And it is hereby mutually agreed between on the said Parties hereto, that the said several allotments of Land so to be made by the said John BAILIE, to the several other Persons parties hereto, shall be laid out by him the said John BAILIE, in one or more Towns or Villages as the position or form of the Land so to be granted to him the said John BAILIE, by His Majesty's Government may require, or admit of, for the more convenient location, and for the benefit and safety of all the parties hereto.

II.

That such Town or Towns, Village or Villages (should it be so found necessary), shall each contain a Church, or place of Public Worship, a Hall to be subdivided into whatever Rooms or Compartments the circumstances of such Town or Village may require, and a space of Ground not less than Ten Acres as a place for Recreation and for a Market.

III.

That the Ground required to be employed for the above-mentioned public purposes, and for such Streets and Roads as may be required for the convenience of such Towns or Villages as may be laid out, shall be in deduction from the allotment of Land to be made by the said John Bailie to the said undersigned Persons and in proportion to their several allotments.

IV.

That the undersigned Persons bind themselves each for himself, his Wife, Children, Family, and Dependents, unto the said John BAILIE, his Heirs, Executors or Administrators, to guarantee and indemnify him the said John BAILIE, for all and every expense he, the said John BAILIE, shall incur, sustain, or be put into, on account of, or for the Maintenance, Clothing, or Transport of the said undersigned Persons, their Wives, Children, Families, and Dependents; and generally for their Armament and Equipment, whenever or wheresoever; the respective allotment of Land which may have been made to the said undersigned Parties, hereto of the second part, by the said John Bailie, being chargeable with all such expenses, and revertible to the said John BAILIE in case of failure of such Guarantee and Indemnity.

V.

That the undersigned Persons do hereby bind themselves several and respectively to assist each other, and all the Party, in labour in whatever way they can severally and respectively be rendered most serviceable and available until the Public Work hereinbefore mentioned, shall be fully completed, a House or Hut be erected and built for each and every one of the Parties hereto, the said House or Huts to be erected and built of equal dimensions, and four Acres of Land to be cleared and fenced for each of the Parties hereto, and a Fold therein made, calculated to shelter the Cattle of each of the undersigned, and shall and will also assist each other in digging such Wells as may be found requisite for supplying sufficient quantities of Water for the use of all the Parties hereto.

VI.

It is hereby further mutually agreed, by and between the several (?) parties hereto, of the second part, and the said John BAILIE, that if they, or any or either of them, shall, or do neglect, or refuse to comply with the stipulations and conditions contained in the above recited Fifth Article, be or they so refusing to comply therewith shall forfeit and pay the sum of 20£ British sterling, or such sum in the currency of the Colony as may be of equal value, and also that he or they so offending shall be deprived of the gratuitous services of the other and other of the Parties hereto, in building, clearing and fencing his, her, or their allotments, and shall also be deprived of the use of the common stock of Tools, Implements, and Library. And further, that should the Parties or Party so offending not be possessed of such pecuniary means as well enable them to pay such forfeiture of 20? British sterling, then, he or they so offending, shall respectively forfeit in lieu thereof a certain portion of their allotment of Land, not more than Twenty Acres nor less than Ten Acres, to be taken from his or their respective Allotments, such forfeiture, to be adjudged by the finding and aware of a Jury, to be composed of twelve of the undersigned Parties hereto of the second part, to be selected and appointed by lot.

VII.

And whereas, it is necessary for the preservation of good order, and moral and industrious habits, that Shops, or Stores, or Houses, or Booths, of whatsoever description, whether errant or stationary, be totally prohibited from selling, retailing or serving out, in any shape or quantity whatsoever, Spirituous Liquors, of all and every denomination with the Precincts, Boundaries, Limits, and Premises, of the Grant of Land, which may be made by His Majesty's Government to the said John BAILIE, for himself, or for the use and benefit of the aforesaid undersigned Parties hereto of the second party, such prohibition to be enforced by the forfeiture of the Stock or quantity of Spirituous Liquors which shall or may be found in the possession of either of the said Parties, which Spirits so to be found in the possession of either of the said Parties for the purposes of sale, shall be poured out and scattered on the Earth, and a forfeiture of 100£ colonial currency (if such currency shall exist) of 50£ British sterling, shall be incurred and levied for every such offence, or failing, the pecuniary means of the Party or Parties so offending, such other forfeiture of Land shall be incurred as may be ordered by the find and away of a Jury of twelve of the Parties here of the second part, to be selected and appointed by lot.

VIII.

And whereas, it is repugnant to the feeling of humanity, and contrary to the principles in which all Englishmen have been reared, to tolerate or admit of slavery, therefore it is hereby mutually and respectively agreed between all the Parties hereto, that any, of either of them, shall not nor will either, directly or indirectly, be concerned in the purchase or employment of Slaves within the Precincts, Boundaries, and limited of the Premises of all and every the Grant or Grants of Land, which may be made by His Majesty's Government to the aforesaid John BAILIE, for himself, or for the use and benefit of the other Parties hereto, under the penalty of the restoration to Liberty of the Slaves or Slaves so to be found in the possession of any or either of the Parties hereto, their Heirs, Executors, Administrators, or Assigns. And further, a penalty shall be paid by the Party or Parties so offending, of a sum of Money equal to the value of the Slave or Slaves so to be found in his, her or their possession.

IX.

That all forfeitures and Penalties hereby imposed, whether in Money, Land or otherwise, shall be paid and received for the benefit of the Fund of the Town or Village where the offence or offences may have been committed, or which may have occasioned the infliction of such forfeiture.

X.

And it is hereby further agreed by and between all the Parties to these presents, that in consideration of the great trouble which he, the said John BAILIE, had been at in the formation of this Society, and in consequence of the reliance which the Parties hereto of the second part, have and repose in his judgment for the regulation and formation of such Settlement as may be formed for their mutual benefit and advantage, it is hereby agreed that the said John BAILIE shall reserve to himself the

sole direction of the intended Settlement, and the nomination of such Committee or Committees of the intended Settlement, and the nomination of such Committee of Committees of Management as he may deem necessary to assist him in the superintendance of the same, and also the nomination to such vacancies as shall or may occur from time to time in such Committee or Committees, and generally every thing appertaining thereto.

XI.

It is hereby further fully understood and agreed that these Articles can only be of force and available, inasmuch as they may be found in conformity with the existing Laws in the Colony or Settlement, or with such Laws as may in future be established and enacted in the Colony or Settlement in which it may please His Majesty's Government to locate the undersigned Parties hereto, and in as far as these Articles of Agreement may meet the approbation of His Majesty's Government.

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